Comparison of susceptibility of leaves on short-term UV-B irradiation
 
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Department of Physics and Agrophysics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Papieża Pawła VI 3, 71-459 Szczecin, Poland
 
Int. Agrophys. 2012, 26(4): 395–400
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ABSTRACT
The effects of short-time ultraviolet-B irradiation (0.74 kJ m-2 d-1) at light on cucumber and peppermint leaves were studied.Aconsiderable decrease of the most important chlorophyll fluorescence parameters values mainly in the cucumber leaves, compared to the control, was observed. It indicates damages as well as at a donor and acceptor side of photosystem II, specially in the oxygen evolving complex, electron transport and connected with the dark reactions. In the peppermint leaves these values were unchanged or slight decreased. After 24 h from disappearing of the applied UV-B stress, adverse changes became established, especially in the cucumber leaves show irreversible damages of photosystem II. Coefficient of nonphotochemical quenching increased by 50% in the peppermint leaves, while in cucumber remained unchanged. Chlorophyll delayed luminescence coefficient was decreased by 36% in the UV-B irradiated cucumber leaves and by 25% in the peppermint leaves. Content of ultraviolet-absorbing compounds was higher in peppermint leaves by 78% than in the cucumber. Generally, peppermint seemed to be more tolerant to the applied UV-B radiation compared to cucumber.
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