Effect of surface conditions on runoff and soil loss for chernozem soil
J. Rejman 1,   K. Helming 2,   R. Dębicki 3
 
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1
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, P.O. Box 201, 20-290 Lublin 27, Poland
2
Department of Soil and Landscape Research, Center for Agricultural Landscape and Land Use Research (ZALF), Eberswalder Str., 84, D-15374 Müncheberg, Germany
3
Department of Soil Science, University of Marie Curie-Skłodowska, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
Acceptance date: 2000-06-07
 
Int. Agrophys. 2001, 15(1): 55–58
 
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ABSTRACT
Rainfall simulation tests were conducted to determine the effect of the initial water content and surface micro-relief changes on runoff, and soil loss for chernozem soil. The studies showed that soil loss by wash was mostly affected by the surface micro-relief, whereas soil loss by splash by the initial water content. Runoff amount was less dependent than the soil loss upon the initial surface conditions and was mostly affected by the seal formation. The highest amount of splash and wash suggest that the time of seal formation at the soil surface was most susceptible to soil erosion.
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