How enzymes are adsorbed on soil solid phase and factors limiting its activity: A Review
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Department of Geology and Soil Science Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology Mendel University 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States
Central European Institute of Technology, Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
Department of Geology and Soil Science Department of Agrifood Production and Environmental Sciences, University of Florence, Piazzale delle Cascine, Florence, Italy
Department of Agricultural Sciences Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria Feo di Vito Reggio Calabria, Italy
Department of Botany Daulat Ram College University of Delhi, India
RKGIT, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India
Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Publication date: 2017-05-10
Int. Agrophys. 2017, 31(2): 287-302
A majority of biochemical reactions are often catalysed by different types of enzymes. Adsorption of the enzyme is an imperative phenomenon, which protects it from physical or chemical degradation resulting in enzyme reserve in soil. This article summarizes some of the key results from previous studies and provides information about how enzymes are adsorbed on the surface of the soil solid phase and how different factors affect enzymatic activity in soil. Many studies have been done separately on the soil enzymatic activity and adsorption of enzymes on solid surfaces. However, only a few studies discuss enzyme adsorption on soil perspective; hence, we attempted to facilitate the process of enzyme adsorption specifically on soil surfaces. This review is remarkably unmatched, as we have thoroughly reviewed the relevant publications related to protein adsorption and enzymatic activity. Also, the article focuses on two important aspects, adsorption of enzymes and factors limiting the activity of adsorbed enzyme, together in one paper. The first part of this review comprehensively lays emphasis on different interactions between enzymes and the soil solid phase and the kinetics of enzyme adsorption. In the second part, we encircle various factors affecting the enzymatic activity of the adsorbed enzyme in soil.
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