Soil porosity distribution representative elementary area analyzed through gamma-ray computed tomography
 
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1
Physics Graduate Program, Department of Physics, State University of Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Av. Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748, CEP 84.030-900, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil
2
Laboratory of Soil Physics and Environmental Sciences, State University of Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Av. Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748, CEP 84.030-900, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil
Publish date: 2016-10-17
 
Int. Agrophys. 2016, 30(4): 447–456
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ABSTRACT
This study aims to use γ-ray computed tomography images to define the representative elementary area of the soil porosity distribution. Different textured soils from Southeast Brazil and different schemes of areas were analyzed. The image acquisition was performed in 2006 using a first generation γ-ray computed tomography system equipped with 241Am radioactive source. Consecutive increasing areas located at the center (scheme 1), the inferior (scheme 2) and superior (scheme 3) borders of the sample computed tomography image, with size areas ranging from 1.2 to 678.8 mm², were selected. The full width at a half maximum parameter was used to describe the samples soil porosity distribution and mathematical analysis concepts were adopted to define the representative elementary area. The representative elementary areas found for the sandy soil (Geric Ferralsol) and clayey soils (Rhodic Ferralsol and Eutric Nitosol) were respectively: 514.3, 514.3 and 555.4 mm² (scheme 1); 279.5, 393.3 and 457.4 mm² (scheme 2); and 457.4, 457.4 and 457.4 mm² (scheme 3). The results confirmed that the representative elementary area were influenced by the soil texture and management. Different schemes were noticed to provide different representative elementary areas for the same soil, which suggests that this procedure was efficient to detect the heterogeneity inside the soil samples.
eISSN:2300-8725
ISSN:0236-8722