Vertical electrical resistivity sounding (VERS) of tundra and forest tundra soils of Yamal region
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Department of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, 16th line of Vasilyevsky Island 29, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Environmental Engineering, University of Zielona Góra, Prof. Z. Szafrana 15, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland
Publish date: 2017-01-31
Int. Agrophys. 2017, 31(1): 1–8
The aim of the study was to determine electrical resistivity peculiarities of tundra and forest tundra soils and soil-permafrost layers of the Yamal region. Measurements of electrical resistivity of soil and permafrost strata were performed with a portable device LandMapper (to a depth of 300-500 cm). These measurements allow determination of the values of apparent electrical resistivity of soils and permafrost at different depths and determination of the depths of the permafrost table on each key plot. It was found that there are several trends in vertical distribution of apparent electrical resistivity values. The first trend is a monotonous increase in electrical resistivity values to the depth. It may be explained by the increasing electrical resistivity within the soil depth in relation to the increase in permafrost density. The second trend is a sharp decrease replaced by a gradual increase in electrical resistivity values caused by changing of non-frozen friable debris to frozen massive crystalline rock. These differences were related to the type of landscape: flat lowlands composed of friable grounds underlain by permafrost or friable grounds with permafrost underlain by a rock crystalline layer.