Yield variability prediction by remote sensing sensors with different spatial resolution
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Department of Machinery Utilisation, Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6 - Suchdol, Czech Republic
Research Team – Agricultural Soil Science and Pedobiology, Crop Research Institute, Drnovská 507, 161 06 Prague, Czech Republic
Publication date: 2017-04-07
Int. Agrophys. 2017, 31(2): 195–202
Currently, remote sensing sensors are very popular for crop monitoring and yield prediction. This paper describes how satellite images with moderate (Landsat satellite data) and very high (QuickBird and WorldView-2 satellite data) spatial resolution, together with GreenSeeker hand held crop sensor, can be used to estimate yield and crop growth variability. Winter barley (2007 and 2015) and winter wheat (2009 and 2011) were chosen because of cloud-free data availability in the same time period for experimental field from Landsat satellite images and QuickBird or WorldView-2 images. Very high spatial resolution images were resampled to worse spatial resolution. Normalised difference vegetation index was derived from each satellite image data sets and it was also measured with GreenSeeker handheld crop sensor for the year 2015 only. Results showed that each satellite image data set can be used for yield and plant variability estimation. Nevertheless, better results, in comparison with crop yield, were obtained for images acquired in later phenological phases, e.g. in 2007 – BBCH 59 – average correlation coefficient 0.856, and in 2011 – BBCH 59-0.784. GreenSeeker handheld crop sensor was not suitable for yield estimation due to different measuring method.