Publications in year 2018

Vol. 32, Issue 4

Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe´s terrestrial ecosystems: a review

International Agrophysics
Year : 2018
DOI : 10.1515/intag-2017-0039
Volumen : 32
Issue : 4
Pages : 439 - 455
  PDF 2.04 MB
Authors: D. Franz1, M. Acosta2, N. Altimir3,4, N. Arriga5, D. Arrouays6, M. Aubinet7, M. Aurela8, E. Ayres9, A. López-Ballesteros10, M. Barbaste11, D. Berveiller12, S. Biraud13, H. Boukir6, T. Brown14, C. Brümmer1, N. Buchmann15, G. Burba16,17, A. Carrara18, A. Cescatti19, E. Ceschia, R. Clement, E. Cremonese, P. Crill, E. Darenova, S. Dengel, P. D’Odorico, F. Gianluca, S. Fleck, G. Fratini, R. Fuß, B. Gielen, S. Gogo, J. Grace, A. Graf, A. Grelle, P. Gross, T. Grünwald, S. Haapanala, M. Hehn, B. Heinesch, J. Heiskanen, M. Herbst, C. Herschlein, L. Hörtnagl, K. Hufkens, A. Ibrom, C. Jolivet, L. Joly, M. Jones, R. Kiese, L. Klemedtsson, N. Kljun, K. Klumpp, P. Kolari, O. Kolle, A. Kowalski, W. Kutsch, T. Laurila, A. De Ligne, S. Linder, A. Lindroth, A. Lohila, B. Longdoz, I. Mammarella, T. Manise, S. Marañon-Jimenez, G. Matteucci, M. Mauder, P. Meier, L. Merbold, S. Mereu, S. Metzger, M. Migliavacca, M. Mölder, L. Montagnani, C. Moureaux, D. Nelson, E. Nemitz, G. Nicolini, M. Nilsson, M. Op de Beeck, B. Osborne, M. Ottosson Löfvenius, M. Pavelka, M. Peichl, O. Peltola, M. Pihlatie, A. Pitacco, R. Pokorny, J. Pumpanen, C. Ratié, M. Schrumpf, P. Sedlák, P. Serrano Ortiz, L. Siebicke, L. Šigut, H. Silvennoinen, G. Simioni, U. Skiba, O. Sonnentag, K. Soudani, P. Soulé, R. Steinbrecher, T. Tallec, A. Thimonier, E. Tuittila, J. Tuovinen, P. Vestin, G. Vincent, C. Vincke, D. Vitale, P. Waldner, P. Weslien, L. Wingate, G. Wohlfahrt, M. Zahniser, T. Vesala

1Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Bundesallee 65, 38116, Braunschweig, Germany
2Department of Matters and Energy Fluxes, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300, Brno, Czech Republic
3Institute for Atmosphere and Earth System Research/ Physics, PO Box 68, Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki, Finland
4Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia, Carretera de St. Llorenç de Morunys km 2, 25280, Solsona, Spain
5Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems (PLECO), University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium
6INRA, US 1106 InfoSol, F-45000 Orléans, France
7TERRA Teaching and Research Centre, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liege, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium
8Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, 00101, Helsinki, Finland
9National Ecological Observatory Network, 1685 38th Street, Boulder, CO 80301, United States
10School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, D2, Dublin, Ireland
11US 1118 USRAVE, French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), 71 ave E. Bourlaux CS20032, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
12Ecologie Systématique Evolution, Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 91400 Orsay, France
13Climate Sciences Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, B84-153, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
14Australian Plant Phenomics Facility, ANU Node, Research School of Biology, Plant Science, Australian National University, Acton ACT 2601, Australia
15Institute of Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zürich, Universitätstrasse 2, 8092, Zürich, Switzerland
16Research and Development, LI-COR Biosciences, Lincoln, NE 68504, USA
17Robert B. Daugherty Water for Food Institute and School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
18Mediterranean Center for Environmental Studies (CEAM), C/ Charles R. Darwin 14, Parque Tecnológico 46980, Paterna, Spain
19European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra, I-21027, Ita
Abstract :

Research infrastructures play a key role in launching a new generation of integrated long-term, geographically distributed observation programmes designed to monitor climate change, better understand its impacts on global ecosystems, and evaluate possible mitigation and adaptation strategies. The pan-European Integrated Carbon Observation System combines carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG; CO2, CH4, N2O, H2O) observations within the atmosphere, terrestrial ecosystems and oceans. High-precision measurements are obtained using standardised methodologies, are centrally processed and openly available in a traceable and verifiable fashion in combination with detailed metadata. The Integrated Carbon Observation System ecosystem station network aims to sample climate and land-cover variability across Europe. In addition to GHG flux measurements, a large set of complementary data (including management practices, vegetation and soil characteristics) is collected to support the interpretation, spatial upscaling and modelling of observed ecosystem carbon and GHG dynamics. The applied sampling design was developed and formulated in protocols by the scientific community, representing a trade-off between an ideal dataset and practical feasibility. The use of open-access, high-quality and multi-level data products by different user communities is crucial for the Integrated Carbon Observation System in order to achieve its scientific potential and societal value.

Keywords : ICOS, GHG exchange, carbon cycle, standardised monitoring, observational network
Language : English