A delay in the senescence during a rehydration following soil drought is a precondition for limiting yield loss in triticale
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Department of Ecophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Kraków, Poland, Poland
Department of Developmental Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Kraków, Poland, Poland
Department of Plant Breeding, Physiology and Seed Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, Agricultural University, Podłużna 3, 30-239 Kraków, Poland
Agnieszka Ostrowska   

Ecophysiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Kraków, Poland, Poland
Final revision date: 2022-11-04
Acceptance date: 2022-11-17
Publication date: 2023-02-06
Int. Agrophys. 2023, 37(1): 69–78
  • plant regeneration after soil drought during rehydration was estimated
  • physiological and biochemical parameters were measured
  • a reduction of senescence during the rehydration period was identified
The first aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the response to soil drought in 20 doubled haploid lines of triticale. Its second aim was to evaluate and compare plant regeneration after drought in relation to the senescence process during rehydration. The measurements performed focused on water content, photosynthetic apparatus activity, chlorophyll levels, and the content of phenolic compounds and soluble carbohydrates. Measurements were performed on flag leaves, and also on leaves located below a subflag leaf. Doubled haploid lines with a high and low yield capacity which had been subjected to drought during their generative development stage were selected for the research. Despite varying levels of flag leaf hydration under drought conditions, the chlorophyll content values found in the flag leaves were at a similar level in the individual doubled haploid lines. In both the high- and low-yield doubled haploid lines, soil drought induced changes in the level of photosynthetic pigments, soluble carbohydrates, and phenols below a subflag leaf. Furthermore, the reduction in, or even the inhibition of senescence during the rehydration period was identified as an important factor for plant productivity after exposure to soil drought. Therefore, the selection of phenotypes with a higher tolerance to soil drought should also include a rehydration period in order to evaluate plant regenerative potential after drought.
The study was supported by the National Centre for Research and Development (Poland), Project GENMARK (PBS1/A8/1/2012; PBS1 177 150) 2012-2015.
The authors declare no competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the content of this article.
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