Long-term contrasting tillage in Cambisol: effect on water-stable aggregates, macropore network and soil chemical properties
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Institute of Agriculture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Instituto ave. 1, Akademija, Kėdainiai distr., Lithuania
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
Mykola Kochiieru   

Department of Soil and Crop Management, Institute of Agriculture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Lithuania
Final revision date: 2022-11-10
Acceptance date: 2022-11-16
Publication date: 2023-01-31
Int. Agrophys. 2023, 37(1): 59–67
  • Soil chemical properties, macropores and WSA were higher in the NT than under CT
  • Residues in different tillage had differently effect on macroporosity and water-stable aggregates
  • SOC, Ntotal and Ptotal had a positive effect on the formation of water-stable aggregates in different tillage
The aggregate stability of the soil is subject to the influence of anthropogenic factors and is of great interest all over the world. The research aimed to quantify the correlations between soil organic carbon, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total potassium, soil macropore parameters and water-stable aggregates under no-tillage and conventional tillage in Cambisol. The content of water-stable aggregates and macroporosity tended to increase in the following order: conventional tillage (returned residues) < conventional tillage (removed residues) < no-tillage (removed residues) < no-tillage (returned residues) in both fertilizations. The relationships between total nitrogen and various soil factors were investigated: soil organic carbon (r = 0.65, p < 0.05), total phosphorus (r = 0.65, p < 0.05), were statistically significant. Soil organic carbon and total nitrogen were positively correlated with water-stable aggregates (r = 0.81, p < 0.01 and r = 0.68, p < 0.05, respectively), whereas the relationship between total potassium and water-stable aggregates was negative. The relationship between total phosphorus and water-stable aggregates (r = 0.62, p < 0.05) was positive. The soil chemical properties, macropores and water-stable aggregates that were averaged across the residues and fertilizations were higher in no-tillage than in conventional tillage. Soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and total phosphorus all had a positive direct influence on the formation of water-stable aggregates under different tillage conditions. Since our results are largely based on correlations, the mechanisms of interaction between the soil chemical properties, water-stable aggregates and the formation of pores in the soil need to be explored further in future investigations.
Many thanks to the Lithuanian and the Polish Academy of Sciences for the financial support of Mykola Kochiieru’s study visit at the Department of Metrology and Modelling of Agrophysical Processes, Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland in 2019.
This work was partly supported by: the EJP SOIL project “Mechanisms underlying TRAde-offs between carbon sequestration, greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient losses in soils under conservation agriculture in Europe (TRACE-Soils) as part of Horizon 2020 Programme” (2022-2024); and the research programme “Productivity and sustainability of agricultural and forest soils” implemented by the Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (2022-2026).
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.
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