RESEARCH PAPER
Effect of lead and chloride ions on methane production in arable soils
Ewa Wnuk 1  
,   Anna Walkiewicz 1  
,   Andrzej Bieganowski 1  
 
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Department of Natural Environment Biogeochemistry, Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anna Walkiewicz   

Department of Natural Environment Biogeochemistry, Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Final revision date: 2020-01-15
Acceptance date: 2020-02-10
Publication date: 2020-03-11
 
Int. Agrophys. 2020, 34(2): 185–193
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
Cultivated soils in high water conditions can be a source of methane (CH4). Despite the significant introduction of lead (Pb) into soils with fertilizers or sewage sludge, there are few reports on its impact on methane production in arable soils. The main premise of the study was to characterize the response of methanogenesis after soil contamination by Pb. For this reason, the effect of Pb on CH4 production in three different mineral arable soils was investigated. Lead, in the chloride form, was added at two concentrations, which were established based on the Sewage Sludge Directive(300 and 1500 mg kg-1). Additionally, two types of controls were used – water and CaCl2 with chloride ions. It was observed that the process could be slowed down at the lower Pb dose and that methane production was totally inhibited at the higher dose. Additionally, an inhibitory effect of the chloride ions on the process was also observed in the control samples. Despite the inhibition of methanogenesis, which has a positive effect on reducing the amount of emitted gas, this process cannot be analysed individually. Other reactions in the soil should also be taken into consideration, which change with the influence of the used factors.
 
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