RESEARCH PAPER
Effects of irrigation and planting patterns on photosynthetic capacity and grain quality of winter wheat
Xiang Min Mao 1
,  
Xun Bo Zhou 1  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
National Demonstration Centre for Experimental Plant Science Education, Agricultural College of Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
Publish date: 2019-07-18
Acceptance date: 2019-04-30
 
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(3): 313–321
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
With the shortage of water resources in recent years, water has become an important factor that limits the photosynthetic capacity and grain quality of winter wheat in the North China Plain. The experiment was conducted in 2011-2014, and the design of the two-factor split-plot was adopted, with three irrigation levels (0, 90, and 180 mm) for the main plot and three planting patterns (single-single row, single-double row, double-double row) for the subplot. The chlorophyll content index, net photosynthetic rate, and dry matter weight of winter wheat at different growth stages were measured, and the quality parameters of the grain were also measured after the harvest. The result indicated that irrigation increased the chlorophyll content index, net photosynthetic rate, grain protein, coarse starch and whiteness, which were favourable for producing dry matter and for seed formation. The chlorophyll content index, net photosynthetic rate, dry matter weight and gluten index of double-double row were higher than those of single-single row. Therefore, the 90 mm irrigation combined with the double-double row planting pattern is a good agronomic practice for winter wheat production, and beneficial for the improvement of flour quality in the North China Plain.
 
REFERENCES (32)
1.
Anjum F.M. and Walker C.E., 2000. Electrophoretic identification of hard white spring wheats grown at different location in Pakistan in different years. J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 1155-1161. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0...<1155::aid-jsfa587>3.0.co;2-j.
 
2.
Bilalis D.J., Travlos I.S., Portugal J., Tsioros S., Papastylianou Y., Papatheohari Y., Avgoulas C., Tabaxi I., Alexopoulou E., and Kanatas P.J., 2015. Narrow row spacing increased yield and decreased nicotine content in sun-cured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Ind. Crops Prod., 75, 212-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indc....
 
3.
Boehm D.J., Berzonsky W.A., and Bhattacharya M., 2004. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer treatments on spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) flour characteristics and effect on fresh and frozen dough quality. Cereal Chem., 81, 51-54. https://doi.org/10.1094/cchem.....
 
4.
Bonfil D.J. and Posner E.S., 2012. Can bread wheat quality be determined by gluten index? J. Cereal Sci., 56, 115-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.....
 
5.
Branlard G., Dardevet M., Saccomano R., Lagoutte F., and Gourdon J., 2001. Genetic diversity of wheat storage proteins and bread wheat quality. Euphytica, 119, 59-67. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94....
 
6.
Cao X., Wu M., Guo X., Zheng Y., Gong Y., Wu N., and Wang W., 2017. Assessing water scarcity in agricultural production system based on the generalized water resources and water footprint framework. Sci. Total Environ., 609, 587-597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scit....
 
7.
Chauhan B.S. and Johnson D.E., 2010. Implications of narrow crop row spacing and delayed Echinochloacolona and Echinochloa crus-galli emergence for weed growth and crop yield loss in aerobic rice. Field Crops Res., 117, 177-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
 
8.
Day L., Augustin M.A., Batey I.L., and Wrigley C.W., 2006. Wheat-gluten uses and industry needs. Trends Food Sci. Technol., 17, 82-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs....
 
9.
Fang Q.X., Ma L., Green T.R., Yu Q., Wang T.D., and Ahuja L.R., 2010. Water resources and water use efficiency in the North China Plain: Current status and agronomic management options. Agric. Water Manage., 97, 1102-1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwa....
 
10.
Fang X., Li Y., Nie J., Wang C., Huang K., Zhang Y., Zhang Y., She H., Liu X., Ruan R., Yuan X., and Yi Z., 2018. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer and planting density on the leaf photosynthetic characteristics, agronomic traits and grain yield in common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum M.). Field Crops Res., 219, 160-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
 
11.
Garrido-Lestache E., Lopez-Bellido R.J., and Lopez-Bellido L., 2004. Effect of N rate, timing and splitting and N type on bread-making quality in hard red spring wheat under rainfed Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Res., 85, 213-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-....
 
12.
Girma A., Skidmore A.K., Bie C.A.J.M.D., Bongers F., and Schlerf M., 2013. Photosynthetic bark: Use of chlorophyll absorption continuum index to estimate Boswellia papyrifera bark chlorophyll content. Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. Geoinformation, 23, 71-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.....
 
13.
Han Y.Y., Wang X.Y., and Zhou X.B., 2016. Precision planting patterns effect on growth, photosynthetic characteristics and yield of winter wheat under deficit irrigation. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 18, 741-746. https://doi.org/10.17957/ijab/....
 
14.
Har-Gil D., Bonfil D.J., and Svoray T., 2011. Multi scale analysis of the factors influencing wheat quality as determined by gluten index. Field Crops Res., 123, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
 
15.
Hasanuzzaman M., Hossain M.A., da Silva J.A.T., and Fujita M., 2012. Plant response and tolerance to abiotic oxidative stress: Antioxidant defense is a key factor. In: Crop Stress and its Management: Perspectives and strategies (Eds B. Venkateswarlu, A. Shanker, C. Shanker, M. Maheswari). Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94....
 
16.
Ierna A. and Mauromicale G., 2018. Potato growth, yield and water productivity response to different irrigation and fertilization regimes. Agric. Water Manage., 201, 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwa....
 
17.
Kharrou M.H., Er-Raki S., Chehbouni A., Duchemin B., Simonneaux V., LePage M., Ouzine L., and Jarlan L., 2011. Water use efficiency and yield of winter wheat under different irrigation regimes in a semi-arid region. Agric. Sci., 2, 273-282. https://doi.org/10.4236/as.201....
 
18.
Lin P., Qi H., Li C., and Zhao M., 2016. Optimized tillage practices and row spacing to improve grain yield and matter transport efficiency in intensive spring maize. Field Crops Res., 198, 258-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
 
19.
Liniņa A. and Ruža A., 2012. Cultivar and nitrogen fertiliser effects on fresh and stored winter wheat grain quality indices. P. Latvian Acad. Sci., 66, 177-184. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10046....
 
20.
Liu T., Song F., Liu S., and Zhu X., 2011. Canopy structure, light interception, and photosynthetic characteristics under different narrow-wide planting patterns in maize at silking stage. Span. J. Agric. Res., 9, 1249-1261. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2....
 
21.
Mao X.M., Zhong W.W., Wang X.Y., and Zhou X.B., 2017. Effects of precision planting patterns and irrigation on winter wheat yields and water productivity. J. Agric. Sci., 155, 1394-1406. https://doi.org/10.1017/s00218....
 
22.
Mattera J., Romero L.A., Cuatrín A.L., Cornaglia P.S., and Grimoldi A.A., 2013. Yield components, light interception and radiation use efficiency of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) in response to row spacing. Eur. J. Agron., 45, 87-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.....
 
23.
Mo X.G., Hu S., Lin Z.H., Liu S.X., and Xia J., 2017. Impacts of climate change on agricultural water resources and adaptation on the North China Plain. Adv. Climate Change Res., 8, 93-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accr....
 
24.
Pirzad A., Shakiba M.R., Zehtab-Salmasi S., Mohammadi S.A., Darvishzadeh R., and Samadi A., 2011. Effect of water stress on leaf relative water content, chlorophyll, proline and soluble carbohydrates in Matricaria chamomilla L. J. Med. Plants Res., 5, 2483-2488.
 
25.
Rao C.N.R., Chauhan Y., Douglas C., Martin W., Krosch S., Agius P., and King K., 2015. Physiological basis of yield variation in response to row spacing and plant density of mungbean grown in subtropical environments. Field Crops Res., 183, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
 
26.
Triboi E., Martre P., and Triboi-Blondel A.M., 2003. Environmentally-induced changes in a protein composition in developing grains of wheat are related to changes in total protein content. J. Exper. Bot., 54, 1731-1742. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/er....
 
27.
Vida G., Szunics L., Veisz O., Bedő Z., Láng L., Árendás T., Bónis P., and Rakszegi M., 2014. Effect of genotypic, meteorological and agronomic factors on the gluten index of winter durum wheat. Euphytica, 197, 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681....
 
28.
Wang G.Y., Zhou X.B., and Chen Y.H., 2016. Planting pattern and irrigation effects on water status of winter wheat. J. Agric. Sci., 154, 1362-1377. https://doi.org/10.1017/s00218....
 
29.
Waraich E.A., Ahmad R., Ahmad S., and Ahmad A., 2010. Impact of water and nutrient management on the nutritional quality of wheat. J. Plant Nut., 33, 640-653. https://doi.org/10.1080/019041....
 
30.
Wu Y.L., Guo Q.F., Luo Y., Tian F.X., and Wang W., 2014. Differences in physiological characteristics between two wheat cultivars exposed to field water deficit conditions. Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 61, 451-459. https://doi.org/10.1134/s10214....
 
31.
Zadoks J.C., Chang T.T., and Konzak C.F., 1974. A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Res., 14, 415-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365....
 
32.
Zhang Z., Zhou X.B., and Chen Y.H. 2016. Effects of irrigation and precision planting patterns on photosynthetic product of wheat. Agron. J., 108, 2322-2328. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj....
 
eISSN:2300-8725
ISSN:0236-8722