Effects of nanobubble in subsurface drip irrigation on the yield, quality, irrigation water use efficiency and nitrogen partial productivity of watermelon and muskmelon
Jing He 1,2
Bin Liu 1,2
More details
Hide details
College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, PR China
Engineering Research Centre for Agricultural Water-Saving and Water Resources, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, PR China
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing Vocational College of Agriculture, Beijing 102208, PR China
Final revision date: 2022-05-13
Acceptance date: 2022-05-25
Publication date: 2022-07-01
Int. Agrophys. 2022, 36(3): 163-171
  • Proposing a method as nanobubble water oxygen irrigation, could achieve water-saving, increasing production, and lifting quality in the greenhouse synergistically.
  • The nanobubble water drip irrigation with reducing the volumes of water and fertilization by 20% was positive effect to crop.
  • Useing less water or fertilizer with nanobubble water could in higher overall benefits than ordinary method.
Improving crop yield and quality, as well as water and fertilizer use efficiency in a synergetic manner is a substantial challenge. It involves limits to the sustainable development of protected agriculture. Here, we propose a new irrigation method using nanobubble water through subsurface drip irrigation to improve the agricultural performance of crops. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of nanobubble water on growth, yield, quality, irrigation water use efficiency, and the nitrogen partial productivity of greenhouse watermelon and muskmelon. The results showed that in nanobubble water conditions, reducing the amount of irrigation or fertilization by 20% had no negative impacts on the tested crops, instead there were increases in the yield, quality, irrigation water use efficiency and nitrogen partial productivity of the two crops. When irrigation and fertilization were both decreased by 20%, the irrigation water use efficiency was improved by 82.6 and 70.2%, the nitrogen partial productivity increased by 68.9 and 30.4%, vitamin C increased by 50.1 and 66.7% which was significant. This may be because nanobubble water reduced the redundant growth of crops, and promoted the balance between individual development and production. Moreover, nanobubble water finally achieved increased economic benefits by reducing the input of irrigation and fertilization. Therefore, we suggest that 80% irrigation and 80% fertilization with nanobubble water could be adopted for Cucurbitaceae in greenhouse conditions. This method also has reference significance for reducing agricultural water input.
The authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions that helped improve the manuscript.
This work was supported financially by the Science and Technology Innovation Project of Beijing Vocational College of Agriculture (XY-YF-20-14, 2020-2021), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51979274, 2020-2023 and 52109070, 2022-2023), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2020M680764, 2021-2022).
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Agarwal A., Ng W.J., and Liu Y., 2011. Principle and applications of microbubble and nanobubble technology for water treatment. Chemosphere, 84, 1175-1180.
Bailey-Serres J., Parker J.E., Ainsworth E.A., Oldroyd G.E., and Schroeder J.I., 2019. Genetic strategies for improving crop yields. Nature, 575(7781), 109-118.
Bennicelli R., Stępniewska Z., Balakhnina T.I., Stępniewski W., and Żuchowski J., 1999. Effect of soil re-oxidation on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) defense system. Int. Agrophys., 13, 309-314.
Bhattarai S.P., Midmore D.J., and Pendergast L., 2008. Yield, water-use efficiencies and root distribution of soybean, chickpea and pumpkin under different subsurface drip irrigation depths and oxygation treatments in Vertisols. Irrigation Sci., 26 (5): 439-50.
Cai S., 2016. Application research of micro-nano bubble aerated irrigation technique in water conservation and wastewater discharge from rice irrigation area. Water-Saving Irrigation, J., (09): 117-120.
Cao J.K., Jiang W.B., and Zhao Y.M., 2007. Experiment guidance of postharvest physiology and biochemistry of fruits and vegetables. China Light Industry Press, Beijing, China.
Chen J., Kang S., Du T., Qiu R., Guo P., and Chen R., 2013. Quantitative response of greenhouse tomato yield and quality to water deficit at different growth stages. Agricultural Water Management, 129: 152-62.
Chen R., Cheng W.H., Cui J., Liao J., Fan H., Zheng Z., and Ma F.Y., 2015. Lateral spacing in drip-irrigated wheat: the effects on soil moisture, yield, and water use efficiency. Field Crops Research, 179: 52-62.
Cui B.J., Niu W.Q., Du Y.D., and Zhang Q., 2020. Response of yield and nitrogen use efficiency to aerated irrigation and N application rate in greenhouse cucumber. Scientia Horticulturae, 265: 109220.
Dou Y.F. and Zhao G., 2019. Research on the Countermeasures of promoting green development of agriculture in china by drawing lessons from foreign experience. DEStech Trans. Social Science Education Human Science.
Du T.S. and Kang S.Z., 2011. Efficient water-saving irrigation theory based on the response of water and fruit quality for improving quality of economic crops. Shuili Xuebao/J. Hydraulic Eng., 42(2), 245-252.
Du Y.D., Cui B.J., Wang Z., Sun J., and Niu W.Q., 2020. Effects of manure fertilizer on crop yield and soil properties in China: A meta-analysis. Catena, 193, 104617.
Gao L., 2019. Current Situation of Cultivation Techniques of Facility Vegetables and Problems in Production Also Its Sustainable Development Strategies[C]//IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Publishing, 252(5).
Hu Y.L., Mao Z.Q., Shen X., and Zhang L.L., 2008. Discussion on influencing factors of crop root redundancy. Xiandai Nong Ye Keji, (23), 13-15.
Khapte P.S., Kumar P., Burman U., and Kumar P., 2019. Deficit irrigation in tomato: Agronomical and physio-biochemical implications. Scientia Horticulturae, 248, 256-264.
Jägermeyr J., Gerten D., Heinke J., Schaphoff S., Kummu M., and Lucht W., 2015. Water savings potentials of irrigation systems: global simulation of processes and linkages. Hydrology Earth System Sci., 19, 7.
Jing B., 2019. A study on the change of international important agricultural products trade pattern and its countermeasures. Macroeconomics, (04): 116-129. doi:10.16304/j.cnki.11-3952/f.2019.04.012.
Liu Y., Zhou Y., Wang T., Pan J., Zhou B., Muhammad T., Zhou C., and Li Y., 2019. Micro-nano bubble water oxygation: Synergistically improving irrigation water use efficiency, crop yield, and quality. J. Cleaner Production, 222: 35-43.
Lu W.H., Zhang N., Bao M., Zhang L.L., and Qin T.F., 2020. Study advances on characteristics, cause, and control measures of continuous cropping obstacles of facility cultivation in China. Soils, 52(4): 651-8.
Motoka N., Takatoshi N., Takayoshi T., and Noguchi K., 2013. Functional linkage between N acquisition strategies and aeration capacities of hydrophytes for efficient oxygen consumption in roots. Physiologia Plantarum, 147, 135-146.
Nie L.C., Sun J.S., and Huang R.H., 2004. The biosynthesis and affecting factors of aroma in some fruits. Chinese Bull. Botany, 21 (5): 631-7.
Ouyang Z., Tian J.C., Yan X.F., and Shen H., 2019. Effects of different concentrations of dissolved oxygen or temperatures on the growth, photosynthesis, yield, and quality of lettuce. Agric. Water Manag., 228: 105896.
Rathore V.S., Nathawat N.S., Meel B., and Bhardwaj S., 2016. Cultivars and nitrogen application rates affect yield and nitrogen use efficiency of wheat in hot arid region. Proc. National Academy of Sci. India, 87(4), 1479-1488.
Santos T.P., Lopes C., Rodrigues M., Souza M.L., Ricardo C.R., Maroco J.M., Pereira J.S., and Chaves M.M., 2007. Effects of deficit irrigation strategies on cluster microclimate for improving fruit composition of Moscatel field-grown grapevines. Scientia Horticulturae, 112(3): 321-30.
Shen W., Hu D., Yao B., Xiao W., Zhang L., Huang Z., Cheng F., and Ruan S.G., 2017. Effects of oxygen content in soil magnetism on the growth characteristics of cucumber roots at different growth periods. J. China Agric. University, 22(05): 49-56.
Takahashi M., Chiba K., and Li P., 2007. Free-radical generation from collapsing microbubbles in the absence of a dynamic stimulus. J. Physical Chem. B, 111(6): 1343-7.
Temesgen T., Bui T.T., Han M., Kim T.I., and Park H., 2017. Micro and nanobubble technologies as a new horizon for water-treatment techniques: a review. Adv. Colloid Interfac., 246, 40-51.
Uchida T., Seiichi O., Masayuki O., Takuo T., and Koichi M., 2011. Transmission electron microscopic observations of nanobubbles and their capture of impurities in wastewater. Nanoscale Res. Letters, 6 (1):1-9.
Wang H., Xiang Y.Z., Zhang F.C., Tang Z.J., Guo J.J., Zhang X.Y., Hou X.H., Wang H.D., Cheng M.H., and Li Z., 2022. Responses of yield, quality and water-nitrogen use efficiency of greenhouse sweet pepper to different drip fertigation regimes in Northwest China. Agric. Water Manag., 260, 107279.
Wang S., Liu Y.S., Lyu T., Pan G., and Li P., 2020. Aquatic macrophytes in morphological and physiological responses to the nanobubble technology application for water restoration. ACS ES&T Water, 1(2), 376-387.
Wu Y.C., Lyu T., Yue B., Tonoli E., Verderio E.A.M., Ma Y., and Pan G., 2019. Enhancement of tomato plant growth and productivity in organic farming by Agri-nanotechnology using nanobubble oxygation. Agric. Food Chem., 67, 10823-10831.
Xie H.X., Lv H.B., Gao Z., Cai H.W., Aamp N., and University F., 2017. The growth, quality and yield of muskmelon under oxygation in greenhouse. J. Irrigation Drainage, 36(12), 20-24.
Zhang Y.B., Tang X.J., Chen S.Y., Li D.S., and Du H.Y., 2017. Effects of nitrogen dosage on the yield and nitrogen use efficiency of machine transplanted rice using dry soil preparation in rice paddy field. Agric. Sci. Technol., 18(11): 2123-6.
Zhou Y.P., Zhou B., Xu F., Muhammad T., and Li Y.K., 2019. Appropriate dissolved oxygen concentration and application stage of micro-nano bubble water oxygation in greenhouse crop plantation. Agric. Water Manag., 223: 105713, 1-10.
Zhou Y.P., Felipe B., Zhou B., Sun Y.F., Gu T., Li S.Q., and Li Y.K., 2020. Soil fertility and crop production are fostered by micro-nano bubble irrigation with associated changes in soil bacterial community. Soil Biol. Biochem., 141, 107663, 1-9.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top