RESEARCH PAPER
Evaluation of soil texture determination using soil fraction data resulting from laser diffraction method
 
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1
Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1022 Budapest, Herman O. Street 15, Hungary
2
University of Pannonia Georgikon Faculty, H-8360 Keszthely, Deák F. Street 16, Hungary
3
Szent István University, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter K. Street 1, Hungary
Publish date: 2019-10-24
Acceptance date: 2019-04-30
 
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(4): 445–454
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ABSTRACT
There are global aspirations to harmonize soil particle-size distribution data measured by the laser diffraction method and by traditional sedimentation techniques, e.g. sieve-pipette methods. The need has arisen therefore to build up a database, containing particle-size distribution values measured by the sieving and pipette method according to the Hungarian standard (sieve-pipette methods-MSZ) and the laser diffraction method according to a widespread and widely used procedure. In our current publication, 155 soil samples measured with sieve-pipette methods-MSZ and laser diffraction method (Malvern Mastersizer 2000, HydroG dispersion unit) were compared. Through the application of the usual size limits at the laser diffraction method, the clay fraction was under- and the silt fraction was overestimated compared to the sieve-pipette methods-MSZ results, and subsequently the soil texture classes were determined according to the results of both methods also differed significantly from each other. Based on our previous experience, the extension of the upper size limit of the clay fraction from 2 to 7 µm increases the comparability of sieve-pipette methods-MSZ and laser diffraction method, in this way the texture classes derived from the particle-size distributions were also more in accordance with each other. The difference between the results of the two kinds of particle-size distribution measurement methods could be further reduced with the pedotransfer functions presented.
 
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