Effect of sorbents on the content of trace elements in maize cultivated on soil contaminated with heating oil
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Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Łódzki 4, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
Acceptance date: 2019-04-30
Publication date: 2019-10-24
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(4): 437-444
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of neutralizing substances on the content of trace elements in maize on soil contaminated by heating oil. For the treatments without neutralizing substances, the dependency between increasing doses of heating oil and the cadmium content of plants was direct, yet the range of changes was relatively small. Under the influence of increasing doses of heating oil, the cadmium and manganese contents increased up to a dose of 10 g of oil per kg of soil, lead up to 15 g of oil per kg of soil and chromium within the full range of its doses, as compared to the control treatment (without heating oil). Higher doses of heating oil resulted in a decrease in cadmium, lead and manganese contents in maize. All of the tested substances had a significant effect on the content of trace elements in maize. Calcium oxide, zeolite and bentonite had a more pronounced effect than compost and nitrogen on the content of trace elements in this plant. A favourable effect, restricting the content of most of them in the maize was only observed for cadmium and manganese, in contrast to lead and chromium.
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