Laser-scanner used in a wind tunnel to quantify soil erosion
More details
Hide details
Department of Agronomy, University of Almeria, Campus de Excelencia Internacional en Agroalimentacion, Ctra. Sacramento s/n, 04-120 Almeria, Spain
Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Grunwaldzka 53, 50-357 Wrocław, Poland
Department of Physics and Agrophysics, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, 3 Papieża Pawła VI St, 71-459 Szczecin, Poland
Acceptance date: 2018-11-14
Publication date: 2019-05-16
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(2): 227-232
A methodology was developed in order to estimate wind erosion by comparing the differences in soil loss with a 3D laser scanner inside a wind tunnel, to relate the change in soil micro-relief to soil loss. We evaluated the effectiveness of a low-cost laser scanner in a wind tunnel for examining the wind-dependent variation in soil surface micro-topography, thereby enabling soil wind erosion to be quantified both quickly and accurately. We, therefore, studied the effect of soil crusting in an intensive horticultural crop, low-tilled soil (once a year) in cereal cultivation, and tilled soil (several times a year) in an ecological citrus orchard, paying attention to the changes occurring when soils are tilled. Moreover, we observed an aggregation effect of CaCO3 in the wind-erodible fraction, a protective effect of surface stoniness against a direct impact of wind and the incidence of soil particle content. Different behaviour, in terms of random roughness, is due to more stones and/or remnant vegetation being highly resistant to wind in Calcisol, Cambisol, Fluvisol and Arenosol plots, thus increasing surface roughness. In Anthrosol and Leptosol plots, on the contrary, initial roughness was due to large unstable and wind-eroded aggregates which resulted in a decreased surface roughness.
The authors are grateful to Deborah Fuldauer for the English language revision.
Aguilar M.A., Aguilar F., and Negreiros J., 2009. Off-the-shelf scanning and close-range digital photogrammetry for measuring agricultural soils microrelief. Biosystem Engineering, 103(4): 504-517,
Asensio C., Lozano F.J., Ortega E. and Kikvidze Z., 2015. Study on the effectiveness of an agricultural technique based on aeolian deposition, in a semiarid environment. Environmental Engineering and Management J., 14(5): 1143-1150,
Asensio C., Lozano F.J., Gallardo P. and Giménez A., 2016. Soil wind erosion in ecological olive trees in the Tabernas desert (Southeastern Spain): a wind tunnel experiment. Solid Earth, 7: 1233-1242,
Belnap J., 2003. Biological soil crusts and wind erosion. In Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management (Eds J. Belnap, O.L. Lange). Berlin, Springer Verlag, 339-347,
Beniston J.W., Shipitalo M.J., Lal R., Dayton E.A., Hopkins D.W., Jones F., Joynes A. and Dungait J.A.J., 2015. Carbon and macronutrient losses during accelerated erosion under different tillage and residue management. European J. Soil Sci., 66(1), 218-225,
Benlhabib O., Yazar A., Qadir M., Lourenço E. and Jacobsen S.E., 2014. How Can We Improve Mediterranean Cropping Systems? J. Agronomy Crop Sci., 200(5): 325-332,
Borrelli P., Panagos P., Ballabio C., Lugato E., Weynantgs M. and Montanarella L., 2016. Towards a Pan-European assessment of land susceptibility to wind erosion. Land Degradation Development, 27(4): 1093-1105,
Cantón Y., Solé A., Asensio C., Chamizo S. and Puigdefábregas J., 2009. Aggregate stability in range sandy loam soils relationships with runoff and erosion. Catena, 77(3), 192-199,
Cantón Y., Solé A., De Vente J., Boix-Fayos C., Calvo A., Asensio C. and Puigdefábregas J., 2011. A review of runoff generation and soil erosion across scales in semiarid South-eastern Spain. J. Arid Environ., 75(12), 1254-1261,
Colazo J.C. and Buschiazzo D.E., 2010. Soil dry aggregate stability and wind erodible fraction in a semiarid environment of Argentina. Geoderma, 159: 228-236,
Colazo J.C. and Buschiazzo D.E., 2015. The Impact of Agriculture on Soil Texture Due to Wind Erosion. Land Degradation Development, 26(1): 62-70,
Fister W. and Ries J.B., 2009. Wind erosion in the central Ebro Basin under changing land use management. Field experiments with a portable wind tunnel. J. Arid Environ., 73: 996-1004,
Hagen L.J., Van Pelt S. and Sharratt B., 2010. Estimating the saltation and suspension components from field wind erosion. Aeolian Res., 1: 147-153,
Le Bissonnais Y., Montier C., Jamagne M., Daroussin J. and King D., 2002. Mapping erosion risk for cultivated soil in France. Catena, 46: 207-220,
Leenders J.K., Sterk G. and van Boxel J.H., 2011. Modelling wind-blown sediment transport around single vegetation elements. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36(9): 1218-1229,
Lozano F.J., Soriano M., Martínez S. and Asensio C., 2013. The influence of blowing soil trapped by shrubs on fertility in Tabernas district (SE Spain). Land Degradation Development, 24: 575-581,
Novara A., Gristina L., Saladino S.S., Santoro A. and Cerdà A., 2011. Soil erosion assessment on tillage and alternative soil managements in a Sicilian vineyard. Soil Till. Res., 117: 140-147,
Ravi S., D’Odorico P., Breshears D.D., Field J.P., Goudie A.S., Huxman T.E., Li J., Okin G.S., Swap R.J., Thomas A.D., Van Pelt S., Whicker J.J. and Zobeck T.M., 2011. Aeolian processes and Biosphere. Reviews of Geophysics, 49: 1-45,
Rawlins B.G., Turner G., Wragg J., McLachlan P. and Lark R.M., 2015. An improved method for measurement of soil aggregate stability using laser granulometry applied at regional scale. European J. Soil Sci., 66(3): 604-614,
Rodríguez-Caballero E., Cantón Y., Chamizo S., Afana A. and Solé-Benet A., 2012. Effects of biological soil crusts on surface roughness and implications for runoff and erosion. Geomorphology, 145: 81-89,
Toure A.A., Rajot J.L., Garba Z., Marticorena B., Petit C. and Sebag D., 2011. Impact of very low crop residues cover on wind erosion in the Sahel. Catena, 85 (3): 205-214,
Udo K. and Takewaka S., 2007. Experimental study of blown sand in a vegetated area. J. Coastal Res., 23(5): 1175-1182,
Weber J., Kocowicz A., Debicka M. and Jamroz E., 2017. Changes in soil morphology of Podzols affected by alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of an electric power plant. J. Soils Sediments, 17: 1852-1861.
Youssef F., Visser S.M., Karssenberg D., Erpul G., Cornelis W.M., Gabriels D. and Poortinga A., 2012. The effect of vegetation patterns on wind-blown mass transport at the regional scale: A wind tunnel experiment. Geomorphology, 159: 178-188,
Zhao H.L., He Y.H., Zhou R.L., Su Y.Z., Li Y.Q., and Drake S., 2009. Effects of desertification on soil organic C and N con-tent in sandy farmland and grassland of Inner Mongolia. Catena, 77: 187-191,
Zobeck T.M., Baddock M., Van Pelt R.S., Tatarko J., and Acosta-Martínez V., 2013. Soil property effects on wind erosion of organic soils. Aeolian Res., 10: 43-51.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top