Response of dry matter translocation and grain yield of summer maize to biodegradable film in the North China Plain
Dechong Tan 1,   Liangliang Guo 2,   Junmei Liu 1,   Yanli Fan 1,   Quanqi Li 1  
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College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, 271018, China
College of Agronomy, State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, Tai’an, 271018, China
Quanqi Li   

College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, China
Final revision date: 2019-06-12
Acceptance date: 2019-09-11
Publication date: 2020-01-15
Int. Agrophys. 2020, 34(1): 87–94
In the North China Plain, it is a matter of urgency to explore the feasibility of using biodegradable film to replace polyethylene film. A field experiment was conducted by covering soils with polyethylene white film, biodegradable white film, biodegradable black film, while the control remained uncovered. This study analysed the effects of using different film types on summer maize dry matter accumulation and transfer, grain yield and yield components during the 2016 and 2017 summer maize growing seasons. Results showed that, for both growing seasons, compared with non-mulching, dry matter translocation, dry matter transfer efficiency of vegetative organs and grain yield for plants following polyethylene white film and biodegradable white film treatments were always lower. However, dry matter accumulation, dry matter translocation, dry matter transfer efficiency, grain yield, and the contribution of dry matter translocation to grain yield before flowering in biodegradable black film treatments significantly increased by 21.0, 33.3, 21.4, 12.6, and 18.5%, respectively. Only the black biodegradable film could increase grain yield as determined by the 1000 kernel mass. Results indicate that black biodegradable films are a viable alternative to polyethylene film in summer maize production in the North China Plain.
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