Soil-meteorological measurements at ICOS monitoring stations in terrestrial ecosystems
 
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1
Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610, Wilrijk, Belgium
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Institute of Agricultural Sciences, ETH Zürich, Universitätstrasse 2, 8092, Zürich, Switzerland
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Mazingira Centre, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
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National Ecological Observatory Network, 1685 38th Street, Boulder, CO 80301, United States
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Department of Ecology, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain
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Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (CEAMA-IISTA), Universidad de Granada, 18006, Granada, Spain
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Department of Matters and Energy Fluxes, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Bělidla 986/4a, 603 00, Brno, Czech Republic
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Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Piazza Universita’ 1, 39100, Bolzano, Italy
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Forest Services, Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Via Brennero 6, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
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Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skogsmarksgränd, 90183, Umeå, Sweden
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Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Guldhedsgatan 5a, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden
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Université catholique de Louvain, Earth and Life Institute, Croix du Sud 2/L7.05.09, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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University of Liege, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, Ecosystems – Atmosphere Exchanges, Passage des Déportés 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
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Departamento of Applied Physics, University of Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain
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CREAF, Cerdanyola del Vallès, 08193 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Department of Botany, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland
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Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, IAFES, via De Nicola 9, 07100, Sassari, Italy
Publish date: 2018-11-18
 
Int. Agrophys. 2018, 32(4): 619–631
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The Integrated Carbon Observation System is a pan-European research infrastructure providing standardized, long-term observations of greenhouse gas concentrations and earth-atmosphere greenhouse gas interactions. The terrestrial component of Integrated Carbon Observation System comprises a network of monitoring stations in terrestrial ecosystems where the principal activity is the measurement of ecosystem-atmosphere fluxes of greenhouse gases and energy by means of the eddy covariance technique. At each station a large set of ancillary variables needed for the interpretation of observed fluxes and for process studies is additionally monitored. This set includes a subset of variables that describe the thermal and moisture conditions of the soil and which are here conveniently referred to as soil-meteorological variables: soil temperature, volumetric soil water content, water table depth, and soil heat flux density. This paper describes the standard methodology that has been developped for the monitoring of these variables at the ecosystem stations.
eISSN:2300-8725
ISSN:0236-8722