Soil physical properties affected by biochar addition at different plant phaenological phases. Part II
More details
Hide details
Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman O. St. 15. Budapest 1022, Hungary
University of Pannonia Georgikon Faculty, Deák F. St. 16. Keszthely 8360, Hungary
Acceptance date: 2019-04-23
Publication date: 2019-12-13
Int. Agrophys. 2020, 34(1): 1-7
A great emphasis has been placed on biochar addition to soils to improve its physical, chemical, and biological properties in recent times in order to achieve improved crop growth and yields. The present study explored to soil physical changes through different plant growth stages caused by biochar addition to silt loam soil in a pot-experiment. Our research focused on changes in soil bulk density, aggregate size distribution, and saturated hydraulic conductivity. The soils were amended with different amounts of biochars (control with 0, BC0.5 with 0.5%, BC2.5 with 2.5%, and BC5.0 with 5.0% biochar, by weight). Capsicum annuum L. were planted at a two-four leaf stage. Soil samples were taken at 6, 10 and 12 weeks after planting. The biochar amendment resulted in a significant decrease in soil bulk density values. Soil saturated hydraulic conductivity values ranged between 5.5 and 7.9 times higher for all treatments compared to the controls.
An C. and Huang G., 2015. Environmental concern on biochar: capture, then what? Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(12), 7861-7863.
Anderson C.R., Condron L.M., Clough T.J., Fiers M., Stewart A., Hill R.A., and Sherlock R.R., 2011. Biochar induced soil microbial community change: Implications for biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Pedobiologia, 54(5-6), 309-320.
Angers D.A. and Caron J., 1998. Plant-induced changes in soil structure: processes and feedbacks. Biogeochem., 42(1), 55-72.
Barnes R.T., Gallagher M.E., Masiello C.A., Liu Z., and Dugan B., 2014. Biochar-induced changes in soil hydraulic conductivity and dissolved nutrient fluxes constrained by laboratory experiments. PLoS One, 9(9), e108340.
Dugan E., Verhoef A., Robinson S., Sohi S., Gilkes R., and Prakpongkep N., 2010. Bio-char from sawdust, maize stover and charcoal: impact on water holding capacities (WHC) of three soils from Ghana. IUSS, August 1-6, Brisbane, Australia.
Fohrer N., Berkenhagen J., Hecker J.M., and Rudolph A., 1999. Changing soil and surface conditions during rainfall: Single rainstorm/subsequent rainstorms. Catena, 37(3-4), 355-375.
Gascó G., Cely P., Paz-Ferreiro J., Plaza C., and Méndez A., 2016. Relation between biochar properties and effects on seed germination and plant development. Biological Agric. Hortic., 32(4), 237-247.
Ghezzehei T.A., 2012. Soil structure. In: Handbook of soil sciences: properties and processes (Eds P.M. Huang, Y. Li, M.E. Sumner). CRC, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Hartley W., Riby P., and Waterson J., 2016. Effects of three different biochars on aggregate stability, organic carbon mobility and micronutrient bioavailability. J. Environ. Manag., 181, 770-778.
Helliwell R., 2015. Effect of biochar on plant growth. Arboricultural J., 37(4), 238-242.
Horel Á., Gelybó G., Potyó I., Pokovai K. and Bakacsi Z., 2019a. Soil nutrient dynamics and nitrogen fixation rate changes over plant growth in temperate soil. Agronomy, 9(4), 179.
Horel Á., Barna Gy., and Makó A., 2019b. Soil structural and physical properties affected by biochar addition at different plant phaenological phases I. Int. Agrophys., 33(2), 255-262.
Horel Á., Potyó I., Szili-Kovács T., and Molnár S., 2018. Potential nitrogen fixation changes under different land uses as influenced by seasons and biochar amendments. Arabian J. Geosciences, 11, 559.
Jeffery S., Abalos D., Spokas K.A. and Verheijen F.G.A., 2015. Biochar effects on crop yield. In: Biochar for environmental management: science and technology (Eds J. Lehmann, S. Joseph). Earthscan, London, UK.
Jien S.-H. and Wang C.-S., 2013. Effects of biochar on soil properties and erosion potential in a highly weathered soil. Catena, 110, 225-233.
Karhu K., Mattila T., Bergström I., and Regina K., 2011. Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity – Results from a short-term pilot field study. Agric. Ecosys. Environ., 140(1-2), 309-313.
Kelly C.N., Benjamin J., Calderón F.C., Mikha M.M., Rutherford D.W., and Rostad C.E., 2017. The incorporation of biochar carbon into stable soil aggregates: the role of clay mineralogy and other soil characteristics. Pedosphere, 27, 694-704.
Kemper W.D. and Rosenau R.C., 1986. Aggregate stability and size distribution. In: Methods of soil analysis, Part 1. (Ed. A. Klute). American Society of Agriculture, Soil Sci. Soc. America, Madison, WI, USA, 425-442.
Kézdi Á., 1974. Handbook of soil mechanics: soil physics. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Company, Budapest, Hungary.
Klute A. and Dirksen C., 1986. Hydraulic conductivity and diffusivity: Laboratory methods. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods (Ed. A. Klute). American Society of Agriculture, oil Sci. Soc. America, Madison, WI, USA, 687-734.
Laird D., Fleming P., Wang B., Horton R. and Karlen D., 2010a. Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma, 158(3-4), 436-442.
Laird D.A., Fleming P., Davis D.D., Horton R., Wang B., and Karlen D.L., 2010b. Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma, 158(3-4), 443-449.
Liang B., Lehmann J., Solomon D., Kinyangi J., Grossman J., O’Neill B., Skjemstad J.O., Thies J., Luizão F.J., Petersen J., and Neves E.G., 2006. Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci. Soc. America J., 70(5), 1719-1730.
Lim T.J., Spokas K.A., Feyereisen G., and Novak J.M., 2016. Predicting the impact of biochar additions on soil hydraulic properties. Chemosphere, 142, 136-144.
Liu Z., Chen X., Jing Y., Li Q., Zhang J., and Huang Q., 2014. Effects of biochar amendment on rapeseed and sweet potato yields and water stable aggregate in upland red soil. Catena, 123, 45-51.
Natural Resources Conservation Services N.R.C.S., 1994. Gradation design of sand and gravel filters, Part 633 national engineering handbook. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA.
Nielsen D.R., Biggar I.W., and Erh K.T., 1973. Spatial variability of field-measured soil-water properties. Hilgardia, 42(7), 215-260.
Novak J.M., Lima I., Xing B., Gaskin J.W., Steiner C., Das K.C., Ahmedna M., Rehrah D., Watts D.W., Busscher W.J., and Schomberg H., 2009. Characterization of designer biochar produced at different temperatures and their effects on a loamy sand. Annals of Environ. Sci., 3, 195-206.
Ouyang L., Wang F., Tang J., Yu L., and Zhang R., 2013. Effects of biochar amendment on soil aggregates and hydraulic properties. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutrition, 13(4), 991-1002.
Sun F. and Lu S., 2014. Biochars improve aggregate stability, water retention, and pore-space properties of clayey soil. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 177(1), 26-33.
Surda P., Lichner L., Nagy V., Kollar J., Iovino M. and Horel A., 2015. Effects of vegetation at different succession stages on soil properties and water flow in sandy soil. Biologia, 70(11), 1474-1479.
Vergani C. and Graf F., 2016. Soil permeability, aggregate stability and root growth: a pot experiment from a soil bioengineering perspective. Ecohydrology, 9(5), 830-842.
Warnock D.D., Mummey D.L., McBride B., Major J., Lehmann J., and Rillig M.C., 2010. Influences of non-herbaceous biochar on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal abundances in roots and soils: Results from growth-chamber and field experiments. Appl. Soil Ecol., 46(3), 450-456.
Zhang A., Bian R., Pan G., Cui L., Hussain Q., Li L., Zheng J., Zheng J., Zhang X., Han X., and Yu X., 2012. Effects of biochar amendment on soil quality, crop yield and greenhouse gas emission in a Chinese rice paddy: A field study of 2 consecutive rice growing cycles. Field Crops Res., 127, 153-160.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top