Assessment of maize water requirements and precipitation deficits and excesses in central-eastern Poland
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Faculty of Agrobioengineering and Animal Husbandry, University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
Institute of Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
Department of Machines and Production Biosystems, Faculty of Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
Final revision date: 2023-08-07
Acceptance date: 2023-09-06
Publication date: 2023-10-18
Corresponding author
Elzbieta Radzka   

Faculty of Agrobioengineering and Animal Husbandry, University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Prusa 14, 08-110, Siedlce, Poland
Int. Agrophys. 2023, 37(4): 425–433
  • There tendency for changes in the climatic water balance was variable, being positive for all the stations in May and September
  • For the whole study area, precipitation shortages were the most frequent in May.
  • At all the stations, maximum values of the shortage were always higher that excess.
  • Climate change is an additional contributor to precipitation shortages .
Satisfying the water needs of the maize crop in central-eastern Poland was assessed in the years 2001-2021 using meteorological data obtained from seven Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute (IMGW-PIB) stations located at Białowieża, Legionowo, Pułtusk, Siedlce, Szepietowo, Terespol and Warszawa. During maize growing season water reserves were assessed based on the climatic water balance. The optimum precipitation for every month of the maize growing season was determined by means of the method offered by Klatt. Precipitation deficits and excess were calculated on the basis of the average monthly air temperatures and monthly atmospheric precipitation totals for moderately firm soils. The trends method with linear regression equations was applied in order to determine changes in the examined parameters. In central-eastern Poland, during the maize growing seasons in 2001-2021, water deficits were most frequent in May (on average 12 events occurred throughout the study period). The highest values for the precipitation deficits occurred in the Pułtusk area. The average deficit from May to September was 135 mm. Maize water demand was most satisfactorily met in the Terespol area. An analysis of the linear trend gradient revealed that at Siedlce, the greatest tendency for an increase in water deficits occurs in May (on average, by 22 mm per 10 years). Also, at Terespol a positive tendency was noted in August, the trend gradient being 2.83.
The authors declare no conflict of interest
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