Concentration of soil CO2 as an indicator of the decalcification rate after liming treatment
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Department of Hydrology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University Al. Kraśnicka 2CD, 20-718 Lublin
Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, M. Curie-Skłodowskiej 1, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
Roztocze Research Station in Guciów, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Kraśnicka 2 cd, 20-718 Lublin, Poland
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
Publication date: 2016-04-20
Int. Agrophys. 2016, 30(2): 143–150
This paper presents the results of investigation of decalcification of acid sandy and loamy sand soils by infiltration waters, and potential Ca-leaching after liming treatment. For this purpose, monthly measurements were made of the concentration of CO2 in the soil air, dissolved inorganic carbon in the soil waters, and their ionic composition. The determined dissolved inorganic carbon ranged from 5.9 to 10.6 mg dm-3 and from 9.9 to 16.5 mg dm-3 for the sandy and loamy sand soil, respectively. The Ca concentration in soil waters was determined as 5.9-12.4 mg dm-3 in sandy soil and 14.2-19.8 mg dm-3 in soil loamy sand. The calculated rate of decalcification amounted to 23.0 kg ha-1 year-1 in soil sandy and 19.4 kg ha-1 year-1 in loamy sand soil. The potential Ca-leaching is predicted as 124 kg ha-1year-1 for S and 87 kg ha-1 year-1 for loamy sand soil. At the treatment level of 3 000 kg ha-1 4 year-1 of CaO, ~20% of the Ca-fertilizer can be leached after the liming treatment. The results of the CO2 concentration in the soil air may be useful in estimation of Ca-leaching from soils developed by slightly clayey sands and clayey sands in zones with a moderate climate.