RESEARCH PAPER
Effectiveness of pulsed radio frequency in seed quality improvement of vegetable plant species
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Nursery and Seed Science, Research Institute of Horticulture, Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
2
Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology, Faculty of Biology and Envoronmental Protection, 10 University of Łódź, Banacha 12/16, 92-237 Łódź, Poland
3
Institute of Biology Leiden, Sylviusweg 72, 2333 BE, Leiden, The Netherlands
4
Fytagoras BV, Sylviusweg 72, 2333 BE Leiden, The Netherlands
Publish date: 2019-10-25
Acceptance date: 2019-04-25
 
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(4): 463–471
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The biggest problem, in ecological vegetable seed production, is low germination mostly caused by high seed infection with fungi and a shortage of effective biological agents eliminating pathogens. Therefore, pro-ecological methods of seed quality enhancement are being searched, increasing the profitability of seed production by improving the seed sowing value. The aim of the work was to evaluate the effectiveness of pulsed radio frequency (PRF) on seed quality of selected vegetable cultivars. The obtained results from conducted research in laboratory, greenhouse and field conditions indicate a protective effect of PRF treatment by reduction of beetroot, lettuce and garden dill seed-borne fungi, and the improvement of their health status and seed germination. Pre-sowing application of PRF resulted in 60-80% reduction of seed infestation with fungi, depending on the plant species. This treatment improved the dynamics of seed germination, plant emergence, growth, and increased chlorophyll content and gas exchange in leaves. The most beneficial results were obtained in beetroot, in which the problem of seed production is associated with high seed infestation with mycoflora and the presence of germination inhibitors in the seed coat. The results indicate the high efficiency of the applied PRF and its usefulness in ecological and integrated seed production.
 
REFERENCES (21)
1.
Andreoli C., Khan A.A. 2000. Integration of physiological, chemical and biological seed treatments to barley, wheat and oats in Southern Alberta. Can. J. Plant Sci., 57, 37-45.
 
2.
Chua N.H.L., Vissers K.C., and Sluijter M.E., 2011. Pulsed radiofrequency treatment in interventional pain management: mechanisms and potential indications - a review. Acta Neurochir., 153 (4), 763-771. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701....
 
3.
Dorna H., Górski R., Szopińska D., Tylkowska K., Jurga J., Wosiński S., and Tomczak M., 2010. Effects of a permanent magnetic field together with the shielding of an alternating electric field on carrot seed vigour and germination. Ecol. Chem. Engineering S., 17(1), 53-61.
 
4.
Efthimiadou A., Katsenios N., Karkanis A., Papastylianou P., Triantafyllidis V., Travlos I., and Bilalis D. J. 2014. Effects of presowing pulsed electromagnetic treatment of tomato seed on growth, yield, and lycopene content. Sci. World J., 2014: 369745. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/3....
 
5.
Grzesik M., Górnik K., Janas R., Lewandowki M., Romanowska-Duda M., van Duijn B. 2017. High efficiency stratification of apple cultivar Ligol seed dormancy by phytohormones, heat shock and pulsed radio frequency. J. Plant Physiol., 219, 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplp....
 
6.
Grzesik M. and Janas R., 2014. Physiological method for improving seed germination and seedling emergence of root parsley in organic systems. J. Res. Appl. Agric. Eng., 59(3), 80-86.
 
7.
Grzesiuk S., and Kulka K. 1996. Seed Physiology and Biochemistry (in Polish). PWRiL, Warsaw, Poland.
 
8.
Hirota N., Nakagawa J., and Kitazawa K. 1999. Effects of a magnetic field on the germination of plants. J. Applied Physics, Vol. 85(8) 5717-5719. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3702....
 
9.
Hołubowicz R., Kubisz L., Gauza M., Tong Y., and Hojan-Jezierska D. 2014. Effect of low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) on the germination of seeds and selected useful characters of onion (Allium cepa L.). Not. Bot. Horti. Agrob., 42(1), 168-172. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4....
 
10.
International Rules for Seed Testing. 2002-2007. Seed health testing methods. International Seed Testing Association, Bassersdorf. https://doi.org/10.15258/istar....
 
11.
Janas R., 2009. Possibilities of using effective microorganisms in organic crop production systems. Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej, 3(65), 111-119.
 
12.
Janas R., 2013. Evaluation of the possibility of improving the healthiness of fennel seeds grown in ecological systems. J. Agric. Appl. Res., 58(3), 226-228.
 
13.
Kubala S., Wojtyla Ł., and Garnczarska M., 2013. Conditioning as a strategy for seed quality improvement. Postępy Biologii Komórki, 40(2), 215-230.
 
14.
Kubisz L., Hołubowicz R., Li H., Gauza M., Hojan-Jezierska D., and Jaroszyk P. 2012. Effect of low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) on the germination of seeds of onion (Allium cepa L.). Acta Phys. Pol. 121A, 49-53. https://doi.org/10.12693/aphys....
 
15.
Lebedev I.S., Litvinenko L.G., and Shiyan L.T. 1977. After effect of a permanent magnetic field on photochemical activity of chroloplasts. Sov. Plant Physiol., 24, 394-395.
 
16.
Persoone G and Vangheluwe M.L. 2000. Toxicity determination of the sediments of the river Seine in France by application of a battery of microbiotests (Eds G. Persoone, C. Janssen, W. De Coen) In: New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring. Kluwer Academic, New York, 427-439. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-....
 
17.
Pittman U.J. 1971. Biomagnetic responses in germinating malting barley. Can. J. Plant Sci., 51, 64-65. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps71....
 
18.
Pittman U.J., Carefoot J.M., Ormrod D.P. 1977. Effect of magnetic seed treatment on yield of plants. J. Applied Physics, 85(8), 5717-5719.
 
19.
Podleśny J., 2002. Effect of laser irradiation on the biochemical changes in seeds and the accumulation of dry matter in the faba bean. Int. Agrophysics, 16, 209-213.
 
20.
Podleśny J., Pietruszewski S., and Podleśna A., 2001. Effectiveness of magnetic biostimulation of faba bean seeds cultivated under field experiment conditions. Int. Agrophysics, 18, 65-71.
 
21.
Sousa Araújo S., Paparella S., Dondi D., Bentivoglio A., Carbonera D., and Balestrazzi A. 2016. Physical methods for seed invigoration: Advantages and challenges in seed technology. Front. Plant Sci., 7, 646. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2....
 
eISSN:2300-8725
ISSN:0236-8722