Growing season length as a key factor of cumulative net ecosystem exchange over the pine forest ecosystems in Europe
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Department of Meteorology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Piątkowska 94, 60-649 Poznań, Poland
Department of Matter and Energy Fluxes, Global Change Research Center, AS CR, v.v.i. Belidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Publish date: 2015-04-27
Int. Agrophys. 2015, 29(2): 129–135
The Scots pine is one of the most important species in European and Asian forests. Due to a widespread occurrence of pine forests, their significance in the energy and mass exchange between the Earth surface and the atmosphere is also important, particularly in the context of climate change and greenhouse gases balance. The aim of this work is to present the relation­ship between the average annual net ecosystem productivity and growing season length, latitude and air temperature (tay) over Europe. Therefore, CO2 flux measurement data from eight European pine dominated forests were used. The observations suggest that there is a correlation between the intensity of CO2 uptake or emission by a forest stand and the above mentioned parameters. Based on the obtained results, all of the selected pine forest stands were CO2 sinks, except a site in northern Finland. The carbon dioxide uptake increased proportionally with the increase of growing season length (9.212 g C m-2 y-1 per day of growing season, R2 = 0.53, p = 0.0399). This dependency showed stronger correlation and higher statistical significance than both relationships between annual net ecosystem productivity and air temperature (R2 = 0.39, p = 0.096) and annual net ecosystem pro­ductivity and latitude (R2 = 0.47, p = 0.058). The CO2 emission surpassed assimilation in winter, early spring and late autumn. Moreover, the appearance of late, cold spring and early winter, reduced annual net ecosystem productivity. Therefore, the grow­ing season length can be considered as one of the main factor affecting the annual carbon budget of pine forests.