Oil point and mechanical behaviour of oil palm kernels in linear compression
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Praha 6, Czech Republic
Department of Material Sciences and Manufacturing Technology; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Praha 6, Czech Republic
Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Sumatera Utara, Prof. A. Sofyan No. 3 Kampus USU, Medan, Indonesia Republic
Publication date: 2017-07-02
Int. Agrophys. 2017, 31(3): 351-356
The study described the oil point and mechanical properties of roasted and unroasted bulk oil palm kernels under compression loading. The literature information available is very limited. A universal compression testing machine and vessel diameter of 60 mm with a plunger were used by applying maximum force of 100 kN and speed ranging from 5 to 25 mm min-1. The initial pressing height of the bulk kernels was measured at 40 mm. The oil point was determined by a litmus test for each deformation level of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mm at a minimum speed of 5 mm min-1. The measured parameters were the deformation, deformation energy, oil yield, oil point strain and oil point pressure. Clearly, the roasted bulk kernels required less deformation energy compared to the unroasted kernels for recovering the kernel oil. However, both kernels were not permanently deformed. The average oil point strain was determined at 0.57. The study is an essential contribution to pursuing innovative methods for processing palm kernel oil in rural areas of developing countries.
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