Effect of carbon and nitrogen addition on nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide fluxes from thawing forest soils
Wu Haohao 1, 2,   Xu Xingkai 1, 2,   Duan Cuntao 1,   Li TuanSheng 3,   Cheng Weiguo 4
 
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1
State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
2
Department of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Science, College of Earth Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
College of Earth Science and Resources, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
4
Faculty of Agriculture, Yamagata University, Tsuruoka 997-8555, Japan
Publication date: 2017-07-14
 
Int. Agrophys. 2017, 31(3): 339–349
 
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ABSTRACT
Packed soil-core incubation experiments were done to study the effects of carbon (glucose, 6.4 g C m-2) and nitrogen (NH4Cl and KNO3, 4.5 g N m-2) addition on nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes during thawing of frozen soils under two forest stands (broadleaf and Korean pine mixed forest and white birch forest) with two moisture levels (55 and 80% water-filled pore space). With increasing soil moisture, the magnitude and longevity of the flush N2O flux from forest soils was enhanced during the early period of thawing, which was accompanied by great NO3-N consumption. Without N addition, the glucose-induced cumulative CO2 fluxes ranged from 9.61 to 13.49 g CO2-C m-2, which was larger than the dose of carbon added as glucose. The single addition of glucose increased microbial biomass carbon but slightly affected soil dissolved organic carbon pool. Thus, the extra carbon released upon addition of glucose can result from the decomposition of soil native organic carbon. The glucose-induced N2O and CO2 fluxes were both significantly correlated to the glucose-induced total N and dissolved organic carbon pools and influenced singly and interactively by soil moisture and KNO3 addition. The interactive effects of glucose and nitrogen inputs on N2O and CO2 fluxes from forest soils after frost depended on N sources, soil moisture, and vegetation types.
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