Physicochemical characterization of flours and rheological and textural changes of masa and tortillas obtained from maize fertilized with nejayote and ovine manure
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Department of Engineering and Technology, Campus 4, Multidisciplinary Research Unity, Laboratory 16 ( Transformation and Emerging Technologies in Foods), Faculty of Superiors Studies Cuautitlan, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Km. 2.5 Highway, Cuautitlan-Teoloyucan San Sebastian Xhala, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico, Mexico, C.P. 54714
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Superiors Studies Cuautitlan, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Campus 4, Km. 2.5 Highway Cuautitlan-Teoloyucan San Sebastian Xhala, Cuautitlán Izcalli, State of Mexico, Mexico, C.P. 54714
Department of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Superiors Studies Cuautitlan, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Campus 4. Multidisciplinary Research Unity, Laboratory 16. Km. 2.5 Highway Cuautitlan-Teoloyucan San Sebastian Xhala, Cuautitlan Izcalli, State of Mexico, Mexico, C.P. 54714
Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Superiors Studies Cuautitlan, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Campus 4, Km. 2.5 Highway Cuautitlan-Teoloyucan San Sebastian Xhala, Cuautitlán Izcalli, State of Mexico, Mexico, C.P. 54714
National Politechnic Institute, SEPI-ESIME Zacatenco, Professional Unit “Adolfo López Mateos”, Col. Lindavista, Mexico, D. F. C. P. 07738.
Final revision date: 2020-01-31
Acceptance date: 2020-02-24
Publication date: 2020-04-02
Corresponding author
María Del Carmen Valderrama Bravo   

Ingeniería y Tecnología y Matemáticas, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán, UNAM, Mexico
Int. Agrophys. 2020, 34(2): 241-252
The agronomic management of maize (Zea mays L.) modifies the structure and composition of maize grain and its products like flour, masa, and tortillas. Results have shown that the protein content in flour obtained from maize grains treated with nejayote applied at 150 m3 ha-1 (10.36 g × 100 g-1) and nejayote applied at 75 m3 ha-1 with ovine manure applied at 25 t ha-1 (10.17 g × 100 g-1) was higher than that determined in flour treated with chemical fertilizer (10.05 g × 100 g-1). The flours obtained from maize fertilized without nejayote showed the highest viscosity values and the lowest values were for chemical fertilizer (2816 mPa s) and 75 m3 ha-1 of nejayote with ovine manure applied at 25 t ha-1 (2498 mPa s). The highest elastic and viscous moduli were obtained for masa with the following fertilization regimes: 75 m3 ha-1 of nejayote with 25 t ha-1 of ovine manure, and 150 m3 ha-1 of nejayote with 25 t ha-1 of ovine manure and the lowest values of these parameters were obtained for 75 m3 ha-1 of nejayote with 50 t ha-1 of ovine manure. The cohesiveness of masa was the lowest for maize fertilized with nejayote applied at 75 to 150 m3 ha-1, and 50 t ha-1 of ovine manure. The highest concentration of 150 m3 ha-1 for nejayote and the lowest level for ovine manure applied at 25 t ha-1 had a positive influence on the production of nixtamal and tortilla.
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