REVIEW PAPER
Post-harvesting of soybean seeds – engineering, processes technologies, and seed quality: a review
 
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1
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Rural Sciences Center, Federal University of Santa Maria, Avenue Roraima, 1000, Camobi, 97105-900, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Soul, Brazil
2
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Laboratory of Postharvest, Campus Cachoeira do Sul, Federal University of Santa Maria, Highway Taufik Germano, 3013, Passo D’Areira, 96506-322, Cachoeira do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Paulo Carteri Coradi   

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Campus Cachoeira do Sul, Federal University of Santa Maria, Rodovia Taufik Germano, 3013, 96503-205, Cachoeira do Sul, Brazil
Final revision date: 2022-02-18
Acceptance date: 2022-03-16
Publication date: 2022-04-06
 
Int. Agrophys. 2022, 36(2): 59–81
 
HIGHLIGHTS
  • Science and technology in soybean seeds.
  • Post-harvest engineering of soybean seeds.
  • Soybean processing and storage units.
  • Post-harvest operations and the physiological quality of soybean seeds.
  • Conservation of qualitative attributes in post-harvest soybean seeds.
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Superior agricultural yields are obtained from seeds which have a high physiological potential, these are conserved in the post-harvest stage. Thus, it is crucial to implement post-harvest projects with appropriate technologies related to the equipment used and the control of operations. This article presents a review of the technical-kinetic developments in the area of the technology of processing post-harvest soybean seeds, with a particular focus on the evolution and current circumstances of the sector. The findings from this research reveal significant technological advances in the drying, processing and storage of seeds at different levels and in various areas of soybean production. In drying systems, temperatures of up to 40°C are recommended, while seed batches must remain static in drying chambers. When processing and standardizing seeds, it is recommended that low-moving equipment and abrupt contacts with mechanical systems, such as pneumatic and gravity separators, be employed to minimize dropping and contact with seeds. In soybean storage, the applications of technologies that can control temperature and relative humidity, and also maintain the storage moisture content in a hygroscopic balance are recommended. The storage of seeds in coated big bags and artificial cooling; a controlled and modified atmosphere serve to preserve essential seed qualities. This review concludes that over the years, there has been a reduction in the cumulative losses due to post-harvest processes.
FUNDING
This work and each organization’s of resources and scholarships was financially supported by CAPES (Higher Education Personnel Improvement Coordination)-Financial code 001, CNPq (National Council for Technological Scientific Development), and FAPERGS-RS (Research Support Foundation of the State of Rio Grande do Sul) (2019-2022).
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest
 
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