Quality of rapeseed bio-fuel waste: optical properties
 
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1
Department of Physics, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Machinery, Agricultural Exploitation and Management in Agricultural Engineering, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
 
Int. Agrophys. 2014, 28(2): 213–218
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ABSTRACT
The objective of the presented work was to examine the optical properties of selected bio-fuel waste. Three independent optical methods: UV-Vis spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and chromametric measurements were applied to establish the possible quality control test for the obtained substances. The following by-products were tested: distilled glycerine, technical glycerine and matter organic non glycerine fraction from rapeseed oil bio-fuel production. The results show that analysis of UV-Vis spectra can give rapid information about the purity of distilled glycerine, while no direct information can be obtained concerning the concentration and kind of impurities. Transmission mode is more useful as compared to absorption, concerning the detection abilities of average UV-Vis spectrometers. Infrared spectroscopy can be used as a complementary method for determining impurities/admixtures in samples. Measurements of chroma give the quickest data to compare the colour of biofuel by-products obtained by different producers. The condition is, however, that the products are received through the same or similar chemical processes. The other important factor is application of well defined measuring background. All the discussed analyses are quick, cheap and non-destructive, and can help to compare the quality of products.
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