Simulating the partitioning of winter rape biomass by increasing the cutting height of stems
More details
Hide details
Department of Crop Production, Institute of Plant Production, University of Agriculture, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
Department of Agrotechnology and Agricultural Ecology, University of Agriculture, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
Department of Agricultural Economics and Organisation, Institute of Economic and Social Science, University of Agriculture, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agronomy and Bioengineering, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Dojazd 1, 60-632 Poznań, Poland
Acceptance date: 2018-12-11
Publication date: 2019-05-20
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(2): 241-253
In three seasons 2010-2013, field experiments with two hybrid cultivars of winter oilseed rape were conducted in three localities in Southern Poland, with the aim of assessing changes in the harvest index, as compared to the agricultural harvest index of winter oilseed rape, defined as the harvest index decreased by the stubble height in relation to three plant categories (small, medium and large). As a result, an increase in the height of the stubble of winter oilseed rape in the range of 0-60 cm led to an increase in the agricultural harvest index value by about 0.081 for cv. ‘Adam’, and by 0.078 for cv. ‘Poznaniak’. The agricultural harvest index values were changed mostly by the vegetative seasons (p < 0.001). An increase in the height of the stubble of winter oilseed rape by 10 cm increased the agricultural harvest index of small, medium and large plants by about 0.091, 0.075 and 0.073, respectively, as compared to the harvest index values. The linear correlation between the height of the stubble of the winter oilseed rape plants and their agricultural harvest index was significant (R2 = 0.97-0.99). Depending on the factor (cultivar, locality, vegetative season or plant category), an increase in the height of the stubble of winter oilseed rape by 10 cm contributed to an improvement in agricultural harvest index from 0.012 to 0.015 g g-1.
Acquaah G., 2005. Plant Growth and Development 123-142. In: Principles of Crop Production, Theory, Techniques, and Technology Ed. Pearson Education Inc., New Jersey.
Behrens T. and Diepenbrock W., 2006. Using digital image analysis to describe canopies of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) during vegetative developmental stages. J. Agronomy Crop Sci., 192(4), 295-302,
Berry P.M. and Spink J.H., 2006. A physiological analysis of oilseed rape yields: past and future. J. Agric. Sci., 144(5), 381-392,
Chavent G., 1979. Identification of distributed parameter systems: about the output least square method, its implementation and identifiability. Proc. 5th IFAC Symp. Identification and System Parameter Estimation, 1, 85-97,
Donald C.M. and Hamblin J., 1976. The biological yield and harvest index of cereals as agronomic and plant breeding criteria. Advances in Agronomy, 28: 361-405,
Dzieżyc H., Chmura K., and Piotrowski M., 2013. Influence of meteorological conditions on the yield of winter oilseed rape in Lower Silesia. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Land Reclamation, 45(2): 325-242,
FAOSTAT, 2016. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations statistics. (verified 12 November 2016).
Ghassemi-Golezani K., Khomari S., Dalil B., Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchy A., and Chadordooz-Jeddi A., 2010. Effects of seed aging on field performance of winter oilseed rape. J. Food, Agric. Environ., 8(1), 175-178.
Gomez N.V. and Miralles D.J., 2011. Factors that modify early and late reproductive phases in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.): its impact on seed yield and oil content. Industrial Crops and Products, 34(2), 1277-1285,
Greef J.M., Hansen F., Pasda G., and Diepenbrock W., 1993. Die Strahlungs-, Energie- und Kohlenstoffbindung landwirtschaftlicher Kulturpflanzen – Ergebnisse und Modellrechnungen. Ber. Landw., 71: 554-566.
Gunasekera C.P., Martin L.D., Siddique K.H.M., Walton G.H., 2006. Genotype by environment interactions of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and canola (B. napus L.) in Mediterranean-type environments. European J. Agronomy, 25: 1-12,
Habekotte B., 1997. Options for increasing seed yield of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.): a simulation study. Field Crops Research 54: 109-126,
Hay R.K.M., 1995. Harvest index: a review of its use in plant breeding and crop physiology. Annals of Applied Biology, 126(1), 197-216,
Huehn M., 1993. Harvest index versus grain/straw ratio. Theoretical comments and experimental results on the comparison of variation. Euphytica, 68: 27-32,
Jankowski K.J. Budzyński W.S., Załuski D., Hulanicki P.S., and Dubis B., 2016. Using a fractional factorial design to evaluate the effect of the intensity of agronomic practices on the yield of different winter oilseed rape morphotypes. Field Crops Res., 188: 50-61,
Kazemeini S.A., Hamzehzarghani H., and Edalat M., 2010. The impact of nitrogen and organic matter on winter canola seed yield and yield components. AJCS, 4(5): 335-342.
Koeslin-Findeklee F. and Horst W.J., 2016. Contribution of nitrogen uptake and retranslocation during reproductive growth to the nitrogen efficiency of winter oilseed-rape cultivars (Brassica napus L.) differing in leaf senescence. Agronomy, 6(1): 2-18,
Kotecki A., Kozak M., and Malarz W., 2004. The effect of different crop production systems on growth and yielding of winter rape cultivars. Rośliny Oleiste-Oilseed Crops, 25(1), 97-107.
Kuai J., Sun Y., Zuo Q., Huang H., Liao Q., Wu C., Lu J., Wu J., and Zhou G., 2015. The yield of mechanically harvested rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) can be increased by optimum plant density and row spacing. Scientific Reports 5: 1-14,5
Luo X., Ma C., Yue Y., Hu K., Li Y., Duan Z., Wu M., Tu J., Shen J., Yi B., and Fu T., 2015. Unravelling the complex trait of harvest index in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) with association mapping. BMC Genomics 16:379-389,
Mazhari Mousavi S. M., Hosseini S. Z., Resalati H., Mahdavi S., and Garmaroody E.R., 2013. Papermaking potential of rapeseed straw, a new agricultural-based fiber source. J. Cleaner Production, 52: 420-424,
Miri H.R., 2007. Morphophysiological basis of variation in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) yield. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 9(5): 701-706.
Müller K., Böttcher U., Meyer-Schatz F., and Kage H., 2008. Analysis of vegetation indices derived from hyperspectral reflection measurements for estimating crop canopy parameters of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Biosystems Eng., 101(2), 172-182,
Özer H., Oral E., and Dogru Ü., 1999. Relationships between yield and yield components on currently improved spring rapeseed cultivars. Turkish J. Agric. Forestry, 23: 603-607.
Peltonen-Sainio P., and Jauhiainen L., 2008. Association of growth dynamics, yield components and seed quality in long-term trials covering rapeseed cultivation history at high latitudes. Field Crops Res., 108: 101-108,
Rad A.H.S., Abbasian A., and Aminpanah H., 2014. Seed and oil yields of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. J. Animal Plant Sci., 24(1): 204-210.
Rathke G.-W., Christen O., and Diepenbrock W., 2005. Effects of nitrogen source and rate on productivity and quality of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) grown in different crop rotations. Field Crops Res., 94: 103-113,
Rondanini D. P., Gomez N. V., Agosti M.B., and Miralles D.J., 2012. Global trends of rapeseed grain yield stability and rapeseed-to-wheat yield ratio in the last four decades. European J. Agron., 37(1), 56-65,
Schulte aufˇm Erley G., Behrens T., Ulas A., Wiesler F., and Horst W.J., 2011. Agronomic traits contributing to nitrogen efficiency of winter oilseed rape cultivars. Field Crops Res., 124: 114-123. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2011.06.009
Scott R.K., Stokes D.T., McWilliam S.C., Spink J.H., and Clare R.W., 1999. Yield improvement through canopy management: 313-318. Proc. 10th Int. Rapeseed Congr., Canberra, Australia.
Seyis F., Friedt W., and Luhs W., 2006. Yield of Brassica napus L. hybrids developed using resynthesized rapeseed material sown at different locations. Field Crops Res., 96: 176-180,
Sieling K. and Kage H., 2008. The potential of semi-dwarf oilseed rape genotypes to reduce the risk of N leaching. J. Agric. Sci., 146(1), 77-84,
Skowera B., Jędrszczyk E., Kopcińska J., Ambroszczyk A.M., and Kołton A., 2014. The effects of hydrothermal conditions during vegetation period on fruit quality of processing tomatoes. Polish J. Environ. Studies, 23(1), 195-202.
Śmiatacz K., 2013. Growth, development and yielding of different types of winter rape cultivar depending on sowing date and rate. PhD. Thesis, University of Life Sciences, Poznań, Poland.
Taheri E., Soleymani A., and Javanmard H.R., 2012. The effect of different nitrogen levels on oil yield and harvest index of two spring rapeseed cultivars in Isfahan region. Int. J. Agric. Crop Sci., 4(20): 1496-1498.
Takashima N.E., Rondanini D.P., Puhl L.E., and Miralles D.J., 2013. Environmental factors affecting yield variability in spring and winter rapeseed genotypes cultivated in the southeastern Argentine Pampas. European J. Agronom., 48: 88-100,
Tuncturk M. and Ciftci V., 2007. Relationships between yield and some yield components in rapeseed (Brassica napus ssp. oleifera L.) cultivars by using correlation and path analysis. Pakistan J. Botany, 39(1): 81.
Waalen W., Øvergaard S.I., Åssveen M., Eltun R., and Gusta L.V., 2013. Winter survival of winter rapeseed and winter turnip rapeseed in field trials, as explained by PPLS regression. European J. Agron., 51: 81-90,
Witek T., Górski T., Kern H., Żukowski B., Budzyńska K., Filipiak K., ... Strzelec J., 1994. Valorisation of agricultural production area according to Polish municipalities. Supplement A-57, 248, IUNG, Puławy, Poland.
Yuan W. and Guan C., 1998. The variation of harvest index in Chinese oilseed rape. Life Sci. Res., 2(3): 212-219.
Zając T., Klimek-Kopyra A., Oleksy A., Lorenc-Kozik A., and Ratajczak K., 2016. Analysis of yield and plant traits of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) cultivated in temperate region in light of the possibilities of sowing in arid areas. Acta Agrobotanica, 69(4),
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top