Development of new Lemnaceae breeding technology using Apol-humus and biogas plant waste
More details
Hide details
Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Łódź, Banacha Str. 12/16, 92-237Łódź, Poland
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 117, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
Publish date: 2019-04-26
Acceptance date: 2018-12-21
Int. Agrophys. 2019, 33(3): 297–302
Numerous possibilities of Lemnaceae use (biofuel production, supplementation of animal feed, phytoremediation, bioindication) as well as their cheap production and quick growth offer many novel of benefits. The experiment was carried out in laboratory conditions using the Spirodela polyrrhiza plants. Plant cultivation was carried out in a phytotron room at 24°C, on the liquid standard „Z” medium which was supplemented with various concentrations of Apol-humus. Plant growth, chlorophyll index, net photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductivity, intercellular CO2 concentration, fresh and dry weight were analyzed. The obtained results indicated beneficial effects of the addition of Apol-humus to the standard Z medium. The designed novel technologies were beneficial for growth and development of Spirodela polyrrhiza and produced plants with physico-chemical parameters which surpassed those of the control. Quick growth, high chlorophyll index, much more intensive gas exchange resulted from the presence of fulvic and humic acids as well as chitosan polymers in the medium which originated from Apol-humus and of the substances from waste from methane fermentation. The obtained results confirmed previous assumptions and showed obtaining increased biomass of Spirodela plants and the possibility of using it in biogas plants and for environmental protection.
Basiglini E., Pintore M., Forni C., 2018. Effects of treated industrial wastewaters and temperatures on growth and enzymatic activities of duckweed (Lemna minor L.). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf.
Cheng J., Stomp A.M., 2009. Growing Duckweed to Recover Nutrients from Wastewaters and for Production of Fuel Ethanol and Animal Feed, Clean Volume37, Issue 1 s.17-26.
Cui W., Cheng J.J., 2015. Growing duckweed for biofuel production, “Plant production”, volume 17, s.16-23.
Du Jardin P., 2015. Plant biostimulants: definition, concept, main categories and regulation. Scientia Horticulturae. 196, 3-14.
Fedler C.B., Duan R., 2011. Biomass production for bioenergy using recycled wastewater in natural waste treatment system. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 55, 792-800.
Ge X., Zhang N., Phillips G.C., Xu J., 2012. Growing Lemna minor in agricultural wastewater and converting the duckweed biomass to etanol. Bioresource Technology 124, 485-488.
Gonzaga M., Mackowiak C.L., Comerford N.B., Flávio da Veiga Molineb E., Shirley J.P., Guimaraes D.V., 2017. Pyrolysis methods impact biosolids-derived biochar composition, maize growth and nutrition. Soil & Tillage Research 165, 59–65.
Kalčíková G., Vávrová M., Zagorc-Končan J., 2016. Seasonal variations in municipal landfill leachate quality  Management of Environmental Quality An International Journal 22(5):612-619.
Les D.H., Crawford D., Kimball R., 2002. Phylogeny and Systematics of Lemnaceae, the Duckweed Family Systematic Botany Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 221-240.
Mkandawire M., Dudeln E.G., 2007. Are Lemna spp. Effective Phytoremediation Agents? Bioremediation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability 1 (1), p. 56-71.
Nigam P.S., Singh A., 2011. Review. Production of liquid biofuels from renewable resources. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 37, 52-68.
Pacewicz K., Gregorczyk A., 2009. Comparision values of chlorophyll content by chlorophyll meter SPAD-502 and N-tester. Folia Pomer. Univ. Technol. Stetin. 2009 Agric., Aliment., Pisc. Zootech., 269(9), 41-46.
Romanowska-Duda Z., Pszczółkowski W., 2013. Lemnaceae biomass an alternative substrate for renewable energy. Acta Innovations, No 9.
Romanowska-Duda Z., Piotrowski K., Dziugan P., 2018. Utilization of Waste from Methane Fermentation in Lemnaceae Plant Breeding Intended for Energy Purposes. In: Mudryk K., Werle S. (eds) Renewable Energy Sources: Engineering, Technology, Innovation. Springer Proceedings in Energy. Springer, Cham; DOI; Print ISBN 978-3-319-72370-9; Online ISBN 978-3-319-72371-6.
Wechterowicz Z., Rajkowska, M., Protasowicki, M., 2005. Common duckweed (Lemna minor) as a potential bioindicator of heavy metal pollution of freshwaters, „Chemia i inżynieria ekologiczna”, Vol. 12, nr 10, s. 1155–1161.
Winck F. V., Riaño-Pachón D.M., Franco T.T., 2016. Advances in Microalgae Biology and Sustainable Applications. Frontiers in Plant Science. Vol. 7, article 1385. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01385.
Zehender in Staub R., 1961. Ernährungphysiologish-autökologische Untersuchung an den plank tonischen Blaualge Oscillatoria rubescens DC. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 23, 82–198.