Changes to the physical properties of the soil after the passage of an agricultural tractor
Jana Šimečková 1  
,   Adam Polcar 2  
,   Anna Hammerová 1,   Jiří Votava 2  
,   Vojtěch Kumbár 2  
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Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Department of Technology and Automobile Transport, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Vojtěch Kumbár   

Department of Technology and Automobile Transport, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 61300, Brno, Czech Republic
Final revision date: 2021-02-18
Acceptance date: 2021-02-28
Publication date: 2021-03-25
Int. Agrophys. 2021, 35(1): 97–105
The effect of the passage of agricultural machinery on the soil is influenced by, for example, the inflation pressure in tyres. This article describes the effect of different tyre inflation pressures (200 and 100 kPa) on selected physical soil properties in the field experiment. The undisturbed samples were collected both in and between the tracks at depths of 0 to 0.5 m and subsequently processed according to a valid methodology in the laboratory. The results indicate that fewer negative changes were found in the variant with a lower inflation pressure for all of the observed soil properties (front wheels load 2 990 kg and rear wheels 11 760 kg). However, the differences between the pressures were not statistically significant. The impact of different tyre pressures at greater depths has also not been proven to date. This may be attributed to the creation of a plough pan due to the long-term use of the minimization technique because the values of individual properties were balanced at a depth of 0.2 to 0.3 m. These depths do not react to further tractor compaction due to the accumulation of compaction. Changes to the values of soil physical properties caused by the passage of the tractor were statistically significant for both tyre pressure variants only at depths ranging from 0 to 0.1 m.
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