Foamed bioplastics: a review
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Department of Thermal Technology and Food Process Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka 31, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
Department of Food Engineering, Mersin University, Çiftlikköy Kampüsü, 33343 Mersin, Turkey
Maciej Combrzyński   

Zakład Inżynierii Procesowej, Katedra Techniki Cieplnej i Inżynierii Procesowej, Wydział Inżynierii Produkcji, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, Głęboka 31, 20-612, Lublin, Poland
Final revision date: 2021-12-22
Acceptance date: 2021-12-22
Publication date: 2021-12-31
Int. Agrophys. 2021, 35(4): 375–388
  • Foamed bioplastics can be widely used and play important functions in many areas of human life. Many of them can be processed by the extrusion-cooking. Researchers are focused on the ability to obtain new innovative biobased products with the best physical and functional qualities. They are the main factors limiting nowadays the commercialization of environmentally friendly foamed materials.
Based on a literature review, the development and importance of foamed bioplastics in the context of conventional materials has been discussed in the paper. Raw materials, technological aspects, types of products (including a new generation of bioplastics), their advantages and disadvantages as well as user expectations are presented. Despite considerable progress, especially in the formulation of new raw material compositions, there is still a need to continue research work on the application of different techniques in the production of biodegradable porous packaging materials. It still remains the current primary goal – to produce products with physical characteristics that are comparable with those of petroleum based plastic.
The Authors do not declare any conflict of interest.
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