Effects of land uses and soil types on microbial activity and community structure
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Institute of Environmental Sciences, Department of Soil Science, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Hungary
IAREF, Research Institute of Nyíregyháza, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Institute of Aquaculture and Environmental Safety, Department of Molecular Ecology, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Hungary
Marianna Makádi   

IAREF, Research Institute of Nyíregyháza, University of Debrecen, Westsik Vilmos u. 4-6., 4432, Nyíregyháza, Hungary
Final revision date: 2022-09-05
Acceptance date: 2022-10-02
Publication date: 2022-11-17
Int. Agrophys. 2022, 36(4): 323–336
  • Soil properties modify the impact of land use on soil microbial community.
  • Soil taxonomic distances affect soil microbiological properties.
  • Salt-affected soils were separated, independently from land use effects.
This study was conducted in order to understand the effects of land use and soil types on microbial activity and community structure. Soil samples were collected from four different soil types (Solonetz, Solonchak, Chernozem and Gleysol) being used under different land use practices (arable, pasture and meadow). The soil chemical properties, moisture content, microbiological activity and community size were investigated. The principal component analysis results showed that different land uses and soil types are clearly separated based on the chemical properties of the soil. The canonical correspondence analysis results revealed that more than 78% of variation in the microbiological properties of the samples could be explained by environmental factors. Significant biological differences were observed among the different land use practices and soil types, and also soil cultivation affected the different groups of soil microbes. Sampling sites were separated into two main clusters (Bray-Curtis) based on certain microbiological properties, salt-affected and non-salt-affected soils. The soil types were the main driving factor, with high soil taxonomic distances, however, low taxonomic distances indicated that land use had more pronounced effects on soil microbiological properties.
The authors would like to thank Gábor Mészáros (KITE Pvt. Ltd. Hungary), for his’ permission to use the study sites and the cultivation data for the Hungarian sites and AgriDron Ltd. for their continuous support.
This work was funded by the 13th Five-year National Key Research and Development Tempus Public Foundation (Government of Hungary) for a doctoral scholarship (Stipendium Hungaricum Scholarship Program, No. 2015-SH-500096; 2015-2018) and the Higher Education Institutional Excellence Program (NKFIH-1159-6/2019; 2019-2021) awarded by the Ministry for Innovation and Technology within the framework of water-related research of Szent István University, furthermore the Ministry of Innovation and Technology within the framework of the Thematic Excellence Programme 2021, National Defence, National Security Subprogramme (TKP2021-NVA-22; 2022-2023).
The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have the appearance of influencing the work reported in this paper.
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