Effects of mechanical differences in sugarcane on the quality of mechanical harvesting
Zhi Li 1
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College of Agriculture National Engineering Research Center for Sugarcane, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002, Fuzhou, China
Final revision date: 2022-10-05
Acceptance date: 2022-10-24
Publication date: 2023-01-16
Corresponding author
Hua Zhang   

College of Agriculture National Engineering Research Center for Sugarcane, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002, Fuzhou, China
Int. Agrophys. 2023, 37(1): 27-40
  • Dynamic resistance strain gauge and other equipment measured different sugarcane varieties' related mechanical properties parameters.
  • Use Ansys to simulate the force of the stalk during sugarcane harvesting and the quality of the cut section.
  • Obtaining the regression equation and the optimal mechanical parameters of sugarcane.
  • Experiments use field harvesting to validate model results.
The mechanization of the whole process of sugarcane harvesting is an integral part of reducing the cost of sugarcane production. In order to select sugarcane strains suitable for mechanized harvesting, in this experiment, a dynamic resistance strain gauge and other equipment determined the related mechanical property parameters such as density, elastic modulus, and Poisson's ratio of different sugarcane varieties. Ansys/explicit dynamics were used to establish a finite element model of the disc cutting device and to simulate the forces exerted on the stalk during sugarcane harvesting and also the quality of the cut section. Then, after obtaining the regression equation analysis and the response surface through the cross-section mass, the field harvesting experiment verifies the simulation results. The results show that the density, elastic modulus, and Poisson's ratio significantly affect the cutting quality within the three types of mechanical parameters. Through response surface analysis, when the elastic modulus is 92 MPa, the density is 1145 kg m–3, the Poisson's ratio is 0.404, the best cutting quality was obtained, and the section flatness is 57.09%. According to the cross-sectional regression equation, the calculation results are as follows: Liucheng 05-136 > Yuetang 94-128 > Guitang 42, which is the same as the actual harvest quality results under the two planting modes. This indicated that the difference in the mechanical properties of the sugarcane would significantly affect the quality of mechanical harvesting, which provides a reference direction for selecting sugarcane varieties suitable for mechanized harvesting.
The authors declare no conflict of interest
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