Effect of extrusion-cooking conditions on the pasting properties of extruded white and red bean seeds
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Department of Thermal Technology and Food Process Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka 31, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
Department of Machinery Exploitation and Production Process Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka 28, 20-400 Lublin, Poland
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
Department of Agrobiotechnology, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620 Koszalin, Poland
Department of Physics, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
Acceptance date: 2019-06-05
Publication date: 2020-01-08
Int. Agrophys. 2020, 34(1): 25-32
The extrusion-cooking technique may be used to convert the common bean into functional food products. There is still insufficient information on the properties of extruded beans. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of extrusion-cooking conditions on the pasting properties of two cultivars of the common bean (Aura and Toska) available on the Polish market. The bean was extruded using a twin-screw extruder at variable screws speeds and different amounts of water were added directly to the barrel. The pasting properties of the obtained extrudates were measured using a Micro Visco-Amylo-Graph. The extruded beans revealed more stable viscosity characteristics than the unprocessed ones. The addition of increased amounts of water to the processed material raised the peak viscosity of both extruded bean varieties. A higher screws speed during bean processing resulted in a higher peak viscosity only in the case of the Aura cultivar. However, the decreasing value of the cold paste viscosity was observed at higher speeds. This may indicate the negative effect of the extruder’s screws speed on the gel formation ability of the extruded bean. The results showed that the extrusion-cooking process reduced the retrogradation tendency of bean paste due to starch degradation occurring during processing.
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